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freedom of information act pakistan

August 20, 2014


Freedom of Information Ordinance 2002


November 25, 2012



The Freedom of Information Ordinance was promulgated by former President, Pervez Musharraf, in October 2002. Over 90 countries around the world have implemented the law. The law is meant to eliminate corruption, establish transparency, accountability and good governance, through the enforcement of the rule of law.
It enables citizens to ask for information as their right, just as every citizen has the right to freedom of speech and expression and is meant to make the Government more effective in delivering social and economic public services, which require constant monitoring and attention.
Under the FoI law, any citizen can seek any information or record from any public body, except for information categorized by law as exempt from disclosure. The law also provides a grievance redressal mechanism for those who have been denied information:
‘In case the designated officer of a public body fails to provide the requested information/record within 21 days. The requester may, in terms of Section 19 of the Ordinance, file a complaint with the head of the public body, who shall dispose of the complaint within 30 days of its receipt’.
‘In case the competent authority fails to redress the grievance of the requester within 30 days of the filing of complaint or refuses to provide him/her the requested information within time, the requester may file a complaint with the Wafaqi Mohtasib.
To sensitize this issue, Shehri, the NGO for a better life, had organized a workshop recently and informed the participants as how it has used the FoI as an effective tool to obtain information from stubborn and none cooperative government departments.
This information enabled them to file various petitions against illegal buildings and land conversions in the Supreme Court and the Sindh High Court. Details of the Act are available on the GoP web site:
Shehri also gave a detailed presentation on how citizens can demand information from the various departments and offered to assist them in this matter, but unfortunately, the procedure is very cumbersome and requires a lot of patience and determination.
In contrast, the Indian Right to Information (RTI), is much more comprehensive and powerful and is rated as one of the best RTI laws in the world. It came into force on 12 October 2005, and states: ‘Whereas the Constitution of India has established democratic Republic; and whereas democracy requires an informed citizenry and transparency of information which are vital to its functioning and also to contain corruption and to hold Governments and their instrumentalities accountable to the governed’. (
Through the above site, an ordinary citizen can easily track the progress of his or her individual complain, just like the tracking facility being provided by TCS to its consumers, for tracing their individual documents.
The RTI law has become a great tool for the citizens of India, to strengthen democracy and good governance and as an instrument to demand their ‘right to information’ and thus hold the government accountable.
 At the same time, the citizens of India take an active part in holding their government accountable and have taken full advantage of their RTI law and this has made the government of India fully answerable to them.
The RTI law, combined with the Indian Bureau of Investigation, an autonomous, active and committed organization, Judicial Activism and concerned citizens, have collectively put the Indian government, parliamentarians, government officials and the business community, under the microscope.
Unfortunately, in Pakistan, we lack all three and the citizens are either not aware or bothered to use The Freedom of Information Ordinance to their advantage, as many of the problems that we face are linked to lack of access to information and knowledge of the decision-making processes in government.
Keeping this in mind, we had decided to use the Freedom to Information Act to extract a copy of the original Privatization Agreement and subsequent amendments, between NEPRA, KESC and the Abraaj Group.
We had addressed letters to Chairman, NEPRA  and MD, PPIB, who has admitted that the Rental Power Plants, with higher tariffs, are inefficient and had asked them to provide us copies of evaluation reports prepared in respect of such RPPs, the tariff petition filed with NEPRA by them and copies of the Agreements concluded with these projects.
We had also demanded NEPRA to provide us the copies of the terms of contract between the importers of the RPPs, who according to reports, had been given ‘extraordinary facilities’ to import these second hand plants, including 17% advance payments and high electric tariffs. But as per practice, all these departments have been stonewalling us and refusing to provide us the necessary information.
However, the media has been busy in ‘EXPOSING’ the corruption and the misuse and abuse of our trust by army generals and parliamentarians and exposing the em-bezzlement of funds. This has also raised many questions relating to the ‘Rental Power Plants and other projects, for which they have been told to ‘SHUT UP’.
According to inside information, the power crisis had been ‘engineered’ by vested interests, to destabilize and embarrass the government, facilitate KESC and to promote these RPPs.
How much of all these accusations and counter allegations are myth or reality, only time will tell, but for the record, KESC load shedding in Defence and Clifton has come to an abrupt, but welcome end, as if a magician has waved his Magic Wand and sprinkled red-hot chili peppers on the management of KESC.
Meanwhile, we have again requested the Privatization Commission of Pakistan to provide us a copy of KESC’s Privatization Agreement, which under the FoI Ordinance Law, is a public document and our constitutional right.
But then, in this land of the Pak and the Pure, constitutional rights and respect for the law are not the done thing and the chances are that our request will continue to be stonewalled and the scammers and the con artists will continue to rip us off and get away with it.  
The million dollar question is, will we, the citizens be able to elect a party in the coming elections, which hopefully will be free and fair, that is capable of enforcing the rule of law and establish accountability without fear or favor and rid us of the corrupt and the dishonest? 
And if not, then we will indeed have to say, ‘Pakistan ka Khudahafiz’, the phrase that Gen. Musharraf had used in his last farewell speech to the nation. -(email:


  • August 16, 2009

Freedom of Information Ordinance 2002


                                      FREEDOM OF INFORMATION RULES 2004







Islamabad, the 18th June, 2004



          S.R.O. 514(1)/2004.- In exercise of the powers conferred by section 25 of the Freedom of Information Ordinance, 2002 (Ordinance No.XCVI of 2002), the Federal Government is pleased to make the following rules, namely:




  1. Short title, application and commencement.- (1) These rules may be called the Freedom of Information Rules, 2004.


  • They shall apply to public bodies.
  • They shall come into force at once.


  1. Definitions.- In these Rules, unless there is anything repugnant in the subject or context,-


  • “Ordinance” means the Freedom of Information Ordinance, 2002 (XCVI of 2002); and


  • all other words and expression used, but not defined herein, shall have the same meanings as are assigned to them in the Ordinance.


  1. Designated official.- (1) The Head of every public body shall designate an official for a public body under his administrative control for the purpose of providing duly attested photocopy of the public record to the applicant, in accordance with the provisions of sections 7,11,12 and 13 of the Ordinance.


                        (2)       The designated officer may be a senior officer of the public body not below BPS-19. In case no such official has been designated or in the event of the absence or non-availability of the designated official, the person incharge of the public body shall be the designated official, for the purposes of these rules.


  1. Application for obtaining information.- (1) Subject to sub-section (2) of section 12 of the Ordinance, any citizen of Pakistan may apply on the Application Form as set out in Annexure-I for obtaining photocopy of the public record available with the respective public body along with an initial fee of fifty rupees for ten or less than ten pages to be deposited with the Cash Branch of the respective department under proper receipt or in the State Bank of Pakistan or National Bank of Pakistan or Treasury under the following heads of account, namely:-


            (a)       major head              1300000       other receipts;


            (b)       minor head              1390000       other; and


            (e)       detailed head                      1391221       fee payable for obtaining                                                                                                            information and copies of

public record.






          (2)     An amount of five rupees per page of photocopy shall be deposited in the heads of account specified in sub-rule (1) of rule 4 for every additional page (standard size) if the number of the pages of the record requested exceeds ten pages per requisition.


(3)     In case of any Board, Commission, Council or other body established by, or under, a Federal law, charges shall be deposited in their respective heads of account.


          (4)     Subject to the availability of the facility each public body shall make available the Application Form (Annexure-I) on its website.


  1. Procedure for disposal of application.- The designated official of every public body shall give an intimation to the applicant in the form as set out in Annexure-II and duly attested photocopy of public record subject to the provisions of rules 6 and 7 except such information as is exempted under sections 8, 14, 15, 16, 17 and 18 of the Ordinance, as well as, any other instructions of the Government  for restricting the disclosure of information by the public body concerned.


  1. Procedure for filing of complaint with the head of public body.- In case the requisite information is not provided by the designated official of a public body within twenty-one days, the applicant may, file a complaint with the head of that public body and the head of such public body shall dispose of the complaint under intimation to the complainant within thirty days of its receipt. In case the application is sent through mail it shall be disposed of within prescribed time limit beginning from the date of the receipt in the office concerned.





[See rule 4]






Name of the applicant _____________________________________________________

NIC No._______________________________________ (attach a photocopy of the NIC)

Father’s Name ___________________________________________________________

Address ________________________________________________________________


Phone No._______________________________________________________________

Name of the Public Body from which information is to be obtained _________________


Subject matter of record requested ___________________________________________


Nature of the record requested _______________________________________________


Purpose of acquisition of the information or record ______________________________





  • Application Fee of Rs.50/- (Non-refundable) has been deposited with the Cash Branch of the department or in State Bank of Pakistan or National Bank of Pakistan or Treasury ____________ vide challan or receipt No.___________ dated _____________, an original copy of which is attached.
  • The information obtained would not be used for any purpose other than specified above.


Signature of the Applicant





[See rule 5]







          Reference your application dated ___________ for supply of photocopies of the record regarding __________________________________________________________



Your request has been considered and accepted/rejected by the competent authority.


  1. You are requested to deposit an additional amount of Rs. ___________________

(Rupees __________________________), for additional ___________ pages of photocopies (@ Rs.5/- per page), with the Cash Branch of the department or in the State Bank of Pakistan or National Bank of Pakistan or Treasury under the heads of account mentioned below:


          “Major Head        1300000               Other Receipts

          Minor Head          1390000               Others

          Detailed Head       1391221               Fee payable for obtaining information from,                                                                 and copies of Public Record”


  1. Your request is regretted as the same is not permissible under the provisions of the Freedom of Information Ordinance, 2002 (XCVI of 2002) for the reasons that ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________



Signature of the Designated Officer







 FOIA Pakistan = Transparent Pakistan = Corruption Free Pakistan


Make a FOIA Request

Under the Freedom of Information laws, any citizen of Pakistan may obtain information/ records held by three tiers of Government, i.e. federal, provincial (so far Sindh and Balochistan) and district (local) government.

The information held by federal agencies is accessed under Freedom of Information Ordinance 2002.

The information relating to provincial agencies is accessed under respective provincial legislations. In this regard Sindh and Balochistan provinces have enacted their respective Freedom of Information legislations, while action on part of the Punjab and NWFP is still awaited.

>> Download Request Form 

The Information relating to District Governments, Tehsil/Town administrations and Union Council Administrations can be accessed through Section 137 of Local Government Ordinance 2001.      

In case of accessing information from the federal government agencies, following step-by-step guide may be followed: 

1.      In order to save yourself from unnecessary hassle, please ensure that the information/ records required by you are not already available in the public domain through websites, official gazette or in form of published reports etc.

2.      Determine the agency, Department, Ministry etc to which your request for information relates. The details about federal government ministries, departments and agencies can be accessed through federal government web portal (

  1. Similarly, the provincial governments can be accessed on web through: Sindh (, the Punjab (, NWFP (, Balochistan ( In addition to them, several district governments have also their websites.      

    4.      Obtain prescribed application form (copy available here also) and fill it properly, giving your name, address, phone number, Computerized National Identity Card (CNIC) number etc. It should also mention clearly name of the department/ agency from which the information is required. 

    5.      Also write a letter/ application to the designated officer of the concerned agency (or the head of the agency, if there is no designated officer). The letter should elaborate in detail the nature of the required information/ records. 

    6.      Deposit the prescribed fee of Rs. 50/- (for ten or less than ten pages) through any of the following ways: (a) depositing the amount with the cash branch of the respective department, (b) the State Bank of Pakistan, (c) the National Bank of Pakistan, or (d) Treasury under the following heads of account:

  2. i) major head 1300000 other receipts
    ii) minor head 1390000 other; and
    iii) detailed head 1391221 fee payable for obtaining information and copies of public
  3. If the volume of the required documents is more than ten pages, an amount of five rupees per page for more than ten pages would have to be deposited under the heads mentioned above. If the requested information is about any Board, Commission, Council or other public body, the fee/ charges should be deposited in their respective heads of account.

    8.      Place the duly filled and signed prescribed form (step 2), application/ letter (step 3) and fee-deposit-slip (step 4/5) in an envelope addressed to the official designated by the concerned public body (or head of the organization). On top of the envelope write clearly “Access to Information Request”.

    9.      Carefully keep a copy of all the documents with yourself till the requested information has been made available to you or the matter stands finalized. 

    10.  Under the law, if the application is complete in all respects, the department is under obligation to provide you the attested photocopies of the documents/ records required by you or to convey the rejection of your request, mentioning reasons for that act, within maximum time of 21 days. 

    11.  In case the agency/ designated officials do not respond within stipulated period of time (21 days), you may file a complaint with the head of the organization. In accordance with the rues, the head of a public body has to dispose of the complaint within thirty days. 

    12.  In case you find that (a) the information has not been provided within the prescribed time, or (b) the public body has refused to provide the requested information/record, or (c) the public body has failed to communicate you its decision within the prescribed time, you may file an appeal with the Wafaqi Mohtasib (Federal Ombudsman) or the Federal Tax Ombudsman, where the request relates to the Revenue Division on the following addresses.

    Wafaqi Mohtasib Ombudsman’s Secretariat,

Zero Point, 

Islamabad, Pakistan.

Tel: 051-9201665-9; Fax No. 051-9210487, 


Federal Tax Ombudsman (FTO) Secretariat

State Enterprises Complex 5-A, Constitution Avenue,


Tel: 051-9212316 Fax: 051-9205553,


  1. In case of provincial departments or district governments, the appeals are to be filed with the respective provincial Ombudsman (Mohtasib) Secretariats:

Sindh Provincial Ombudsman Secretariat,

Shahrah-e-Kemal Ataturk,

Karachi, Sindh Pakistan

Phone: +92-21-9211031,25,28 (PABX Ext: 200)

Fax: +92-21-9211091




  NEWS :-



  Ariticles :-

  1. FOI Article 19 Memo on FOI 

    2. FOI Commonwealth Report

    3. FOI Draft bill 2008





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