flood report 2011
SUMMARY OF LOSSES OF FLOODS 2011
Sindh suffered another flood disaster in the second consecutive year. In mid 2011 Sindh was badly devastated by torrential rains. According to the latest figures of the NDMA, 466 people died during the flood. 34,000 villages were affected and 1.6 million houses were damaged which affected more than 9 million people. Rural economy in the province is ruined as cropped area over 2.1 million acres was damaged and more than 116,000 cattle heads were perished. According to the UN, the floods have wiped out 73 percent of standing crops, 36 percent of livestock, and 67 percent of food stocks in the 13 worst-affected districts of Sindh.
In the months of August and September the crops of sugarcane, cotton, rice,vegetables, maize, pulses,oil seeds and other crops are raised during Kharif season.Crops standing on 70 lac acres of land were damaged out of which 700,766 acres were in 3 districts of Sanghar, Thatta and Shaheed Benazirabad.
According to SUPARCO,
Rains also disrupted the education and health sectors as after destruction of thousands of schools and that of their families losing homes, livestock, crops were out of their abodes living life of misery in relief camps or on road sites, their children could not go to school for almost 6 months which meant their whole year was lost. Hospitals, dispensaries were no more there as whole infrastructure was swept in gushing flood waters so no or very little medical care and medicines.
According to national disaster management authority quoted by daily Dawn of 22 Sept 2011, 2 million people have fallen ill from diseases since 2011 floods left Sindh under several feet of water. It said more than 350 people were killed and 8 millions affected. Malaria, diarrhea, skin diseases and snake bites were major health problems.
WHO had warned of more lives at risk saying there was acute shortage of drinking water. According to Mr. Zafar Qadir chairman of NDMA, more than 550,000 people have been made homeless. However briefing national assembly NDMA confirmed death of 209 people in floods in Sindh. He also said that crops standing on 1.7 million acres have been destroyed.
Briefing President and Prime Minister, chairman NDMA Zafar Qadir said that 690,000 houses have been damaged out of which 250,000 completely. Meanwhile according to daily Nation of 20-09-2011, floods have caused huge loss to agrarian economy of Sindh with serious implications for
national economy which is still reeling from effects of last year’s floods. There was also food insecurity reported in flood affected areas as Food and Agriculture Organisation of UNO could get only 19.9 millions out of food security cluster funding requirement of dollars 174 millions.
Oxfam warned more deaths if aid not rushed quickly. Spokeswoman Dr. Noreen Khalid said there were 2.4 million pregnant women among flood affected who were giving birth to 40 children daily. She said one million children were infected with water borne diseases. ( daily Kawish,3 Oct.2011)
.DETAILS OF CROPS DAMAGED IN 2011 FLOODS:
( source Sindh Agriculture University professor Mithan Jeskani)
1-COTTON LOSS IN AREA: 457043 HECTARES 353787 BALES
2-SUGARCAN 226458 HECTARES 13764370 M.TON
3-RICE 361149 HECTARES 1230304 M.T
4-VEGETABLES 143305 HECTARES 60760 M.TONS
5-FRUIT 121239 HECTARES 965001 M.TONS
FIGURES OF 3 DISTRICTS;
Cotton: 130,000 hectares 117600 bales
2-sugarcan 13008 hectares 799000 m.tons
3- rice 7172 hectares 8279 m.tons
4-vegetables 19004 hectares 90 m.tons
5- fruit 835 hectares 13383 m.tons
1- cotton 1925 hectares 191091 bales
2-sugarcan 57140 “ 3540000 m.tons
3-rice 29277 “ 517386 m.tons
4- vegetables 5178 “ 579 m.tons
5- fruit 2419 “ 35777 m.tons
1-cotton 47581 “ 347092 m.tons
2- sugarcan 24451 “ 1993404 m.tons
3- rice 2736 “ 8879 m.tons
4- vegetables 6444 “ 2930 m.tons
5-fruit 405 “ 39755 m.tons
Meanwhile Sindh Abadgar Board president Abdul Majid Nizamani had claimed loss of Rs.400 billions in agriculture, livestock, fish and poultry sector and infrastructure.
Statement issued by Provincial Disaster Management Authority-Sindh issued on 17-02-2012 describes update of losses as under:
Affected districts : 23
Union councils 676
Including females 36,15,094
Area in acres 66,74,859
Crops in acres 21,84,951
Houses damaged 15,98,607
Persons died 497
Including males 215,females 104 and
Persons injured 753
Cattle head perished 116,529
LOSSES OF 3 DISTRICTS:
Affected talukas 3
Union councils 23
Persons affected 17,8011
Area affected 225738 acres
Crops affected 64293 acres
Houses damaged 15693
Persons died 23
Affected talukas 4
Union councils 51
Persons affected 900,000
Crops affected 290,000 acres
Houses damaged 200,000
Persons died 17
Cattle head perished 22,646
Affected talukas 6
Union councils 55
Persons affected 1237,432
Area affected 927,201 acres
Crops affected 356,473
Houses damaged 213,928
Persons died 39
Cattle head perished 19,040
MORE DETAILS ABOUT SANGHAR:
Sanghar district has population of 1.7 millions. Around 1.2 millions live in rural villages and are related to agriculture.The district has more than 100 cotton ginning factories which remained closed due to floods rendering thousands of workers jobless. Sanghar city has population of 150,000 people.
5700 villages of district were directly affected. 600,000 people of district had migrated. The cotton crop standing on 340,000 acres and sugarcan on 60,000 acres have been destroyed.Likewise vegetable crops had also been damaged. ( source: D.D.O Revenue Sanghar Mr. Ali Akbar Nizamani quoted by Kawish Dunya of 25 September 2011).
HAUNTED CITY OF SANGHAR
According to daily Dawn of 26 September 2011, Sanghar city has been termed as “ haunted city” due to destruction wrought by floods. It said most residential areas of city remained under 3 to 4 feet water and people affected by water borne diseases could not find medicines and potable water. .
Daily Kawish quoting FAO has said that flood water was standing in 9000
Villages of Sanghar district at 2 to 7 ft deep which had turned brackish
Causing spread of diseases.4 lacs out of 10 lac affected people have fallen
ill. The number of dead has reached 200. There was also dearth of clean
water for drinking.
Affected people were in bad need of food security, agriculture and livestock help.
Safwcp rushed to flood affected districts of Thatta, Nawabshah and Sanghar and provided above services to people in need
Safwco rushed emergency relief to affected people to enable them for
Early recovery from the catastrophe.