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flood report 2011

September 29, 2013



Sindh  suffered  another flood disaster in the second consecutive year. In mid 2011  Sindh  was badly devastated by torrential  rains. According to the latest figures of the NDMA, 466 people died during the flood. 34,000 villages were affected and 1.6 million houses were damaged which affected more than 9 million people. Rural economy in the province is ruined as cropped area over 2.1 million acres was damaged and more than 116,000 cattle heads were perished. According to the UN, the floods have wiped out 73 percent of standing crops, 36 percent of livestock, and 67 percent of food stocks in the 13 worst-affected districts of  Sindh.

In the months of August and September the crops of sugarcane, cotton, rice,vegetables, maize, pulses,oil seeds and other crops are raised during Kharif season.Crops standing on 70 lac acres of land were damaged out of which 700,766 acres were in 3 districts of Sanghar, Thatta and Shaheed Benazirabad.

According to SUPARCO,

Rains also disrupted the education and health sectors as after destruction of thousands of schools and that of their families losing homes, livestock, crops were out of their abodes living life of misery in relief camps or on road sites, their children could not go to school for almost 6 months which meant  their whole year was lost. Hospitals, dispensaries were no more there as whole infrastructure was swept in gushing flood waters so no or very little medical care and medicines.

According to national disaster management authority quoted by daily Dawn of  22 Sept 2011, 2 million people have fallen ill from diseases since 2011 floods left Sindh under several feet of water. It said more than 350 people were killed and 8 millions affected. Malaria, diarrhea, skin diseases and snake bites were major health problems.

WHO had warned of more lives at risk saying there was acute shortage of drinking water. According to Mr. Zafar Qadir chairman of NDMA, more than 550,000 people have been made homeless. However briefing national assembly NDMA confirmed death of 209 people in floods in Sindh. He also said that crops standing on 1.7 million acres have been destroyed.


Briefing President and Prime Minister, chairman NDMA Zafar Qadir said that 690,000 houses have been damaged out of which 250,000 completely. Meanwhile according to daily Nation of  20-09-2011, floods have caused huge loss to agrarian economy of Sindh with serious implications for


national economy which is still reeling from effects of last year’s floods. There was also food insecurity reported in flood affected areas as Food and Agriculture Organisation of UNO could get only 19.9 millions out of food security cluster funding requirement of dollars 174 millions.


Oxfam warned more deaths if aid not rushed quickly. Spokeswoman Dr. Noreen Khalid said there were 2.4 million pregnant women among flood affected who were giving birth to 40 children daily. She said one million children were infected with water borne diseases. ( daily Kawish,3 Oct.2011)


( source Sindh Agriculture University professor Mithan Jeskani)


1-COTTON LOSS IN AREA: 457043 HECTARES         353787 BALES

2-SUGARCAN                             226458    HECTARES         13764370 M.TON                     

3-RICE                                     361149  HECTARES         1230304 M.T

4-VEGETABLES                    143305   HECTARES        60760 M.TONS

5-FRUIT                                  121239    HECTARES       965001 M.TONS



Cotton:                                    130,000 hectares                117600 bales

2-sugarcan                              13008    hectares                799000 m.tons

3- rice                                     7172      hectares                8279     m.tons

4-vegetables                          19004     hectares                90         m.tons

5- fruit                                   835         hectares               13383    m.tons


1- cotton                               1925       hectares               191091    bales

2-sugarcan                          57140       “                          3540000    m.tons

3-rice                                  29277       “                         517386       m.tons

4- vegetables                     5178          “                         579             m.tons

5- fruit                               2419         “                          35777         m.tons


1-cotton                             47581      “                           347092       m.tons

2- sugarcan                       24451       “                          1993404      m.tons

3- rice                               2736         “                          8879            m.tons

4- vegetables                   6444          “                          2930            m.tons

5-fruit                               405            “                         39755          m.tons


Meanwhile Sindh Abadgar Board president Abdul Majid Nizamani had claimed loss of Rs.400 billions in agriculture, livestock, fish and poultry sector and infrastructure.


Statement issued by Provincial Disaster Management Authority-Sindh issued on 17-02-2012 describes update of losses as under:


Affected districts :                                          23

              Talukas                                             84

              Union councils                                676

               Villages                                        38347

              Persons                                       92,75,568

                                       Including females 36,15,094

             Area in acres                                   66,74,859

          Crops in acres                                    21,84,951

Houses damaged                                         15,98,607

Persons died                                                          497

Including males 215,females 104 and

Children             162

Persons injured                                                     753

Cattle head perished                                         116,529




Affected talukas                              3

Union councils                               23

 Villages                                       901

Persons affected                       17,8011

Area affected                            225738 acres

Crops affected                          64293 acres


Houses damaged                      15693

Persons died                                      23



Affected talukas                             4

    Union councils                          51

Villages                                      4104


Persons affected                     900,000

Crops affected                      290,000 acres

Houses damaged                  200,000

Persons died                                  17

Cattle head perished               22,646



Affected talukas                              6

Union councils                               55

Villages                                       5182

Persons affected                       1237,432

Area affected                             927,201 acres

Crops affected                           356,473

Houses damaged                       213,928

Persons died                                       39 

Cattle head perished                   19,040


Sanghar district has population of 1.7 millions. Around 1.2 millions live in rural villages and are related to agriculture.The district has more than 100 cotton ginning factories which remained closed due to floods rendering thousands of workers jobless. Sanghar city  has population of 150,000 people.


5700 villages of district were directly affected. 600,000 people of district had migrated. The cotton crop standing on 340,000 acres and sugarcan on 60,000 acres have been destroyed.Likewise vegetable crops had also been damaged. ( source: D.D.O Revenue Sanghar Mr. Ali Akbar Nizamani quoted by Kawish Dunya of 25 September 2011).













According to daily Dawn of 26 September 2011, Sanghar city has been termed as “ haunted city” due to destruction wrought by floods. It said most residential areas of city remained under 3 to 4 feet water and people affected by water borne diseases could not find medicines and potable water. .


Daily Kawish quoting FAO has said that flood water was standing in 9000

Villages of Sanghar district at 2 to 7 ft deep which had turned brackish

Causing spread of diseases.4 lacs out of 10 lac affected people have fallen


ill. The number of dead has reached 200. There was also dearth of clean

water for drinking.


Affected people were in bad need of food security, agriculture and livestock help.



Shelter and


Safwcp rushed to flood affected districts of Thatta, Nawabshah and Sanghar and provided above services to people in need

Safwco rushed emergency relief to affected people to enable them for

Early recovery from the catastrophe.











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