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6th extinction of wildlife faster than feared:scientists

‘Sixth extinction’ of wildlife faster than feared: scientists

The sixth mass extinction of life on Earth is unfolding more quickly than feared, scientists have warned.

More than 30 percent of animals with a backbone — fish, birds, amphibians, reptiles and mammals — are declining in both range and population, according to the first comprehensive analysis of these trends.

“This is the case of a biological annihilation occurring globally,” said Stanford Professor Rodolfo Dirzo, co-author of a study published on Monday in the peer-reviewed US journal, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS).

Around a decade ago, experts feared that a new planetary wipeout of species was looming.

Today, most agree that it is underway — but the new study suggests that the die-out is already ratcheting up a gear.

It provides much-needed data about the threat to wildlife, mapping the dwindling ranges and populations of 27,600 species. For 177 mammals, researchers combed through data covering the period 1900 to 2015.

The mammal species that were monitored have lost at least a third of their original habitat, the researchers found.

Forty percent of them — including rhinos, orangutans, gorillas and many big cats — are surviving on 20 percent or less of the land they once roamed.

The loss of biodiversity has recently accelerated.

“Several species of mammals that were relatively safe one or two decades ago are now endangered,” including cheetahs, lions and giraffes, the study showed.

Globally, the mass die-off — deemed to be the sixth in the last half-billion years — is the worst since three-quarters of life on Earth, including the non-avian dinosaurs, were wiped out 66 million years ago by a giant meteor impact.

On average, two vertebrate species disappear every year.

Tropical regions have seen the highest number of declining species. In South and Southeast Asia, large-bodied species of mammals have lost more than four-fifths of their historical ranges.

– Habitat loss –

While fewer species are disappearing in temperate zones, the percentage is just as high or higher.

As many as half of the number of animals that once shared our planet are no longer here, a loss the authors described as “a massive erosion of the greatest biological diversity in the history of Earth.”

There is no mystery as to why: our own ever-expanding species — which has more than doubled in number since 1960 to 7.4 billion — is eating, crowding and polluting its planetary cohabitants out of existence.

By comparison, there are as few as 20,000 lions left in the wild, less than 7,000 cheetahs, 500 to 1,000 giant pandas, and about 250 Sumatran rhinoceros.

The main drivers of wildlife decline are habitat loss, overconsumption, pollution, invasive species, disease, as well as poaching in the case of tigers, elephants, rhinos and other large animals prized for their body parts.

Climate change is poised to become a major threat in the coming decades, with some animals — most famously polar bears — already in decline due to rising temperatures and changing weather patterns.

“The massive loss of populations and species reflects our lack of empathy to all the wild species that have been our companions since our origins,” said lead author Gerardo Ceballos of the National Autonomous University of Mexico.

Beyond any moral imperative, there are practical reasons to rue the eclipse of animals, whether megafauna or smaller and less “charismatic” creatures, the researchers cautioned.

The vanishing of a top-level carnivore or herbivore can have a cascading effect down the food chain, disrupting entire ecosystems.

Other species directly provide “services” to humans, such as honeybees that pollinate crops or birds that ensure pest control.

Previous studies show that ecosystems under stress, while resilient, have a breaking point — rapid change can lead to collapse.

60 journalists killed in pakistan

Taimoor Khan, Samaa TV

February 12, 2017, in Karachi, Pakistan

Shehzad Ahmed, Aaj News

August 8, 2016, in Quetta, Pakistan

Mehmood Khan, DawnNews

August 8, 2016, in Quetta, Pakistan

Zaman Mehsud, Daily Ummat, Daily Nai Baat

November 3, 2015, in Tank, Pakistan

Irshad Mastoi, Online International News Network, ARY News

August 28, 2014, in Quetta, Pakistan

Ghulam Rasool, Online International News Network

August 28, 2014, in Quetta, Pakistan

Shan Dahar, Abb Takk Television

January 1, 2014, in Larkana, Pakistan

Ayub Khattak, Karak Times

October 11, 2013, in Karak District, Pakistan

Aslam Durrani, Daily Pakistan

April 16, 2013, in Peshawar, Pakistan

Mirza Iqbal Hussain, News Network International

January 10, 2013, in Quetta, Pakistan

Saif ur Rehman, Samaa TV

January 10, 2013, in Quetta, Pakistan

Imran Shaikh, Samaa TV

January 10, 2013, in Quetta, Pakistan

Saqib Khan, Ummat

November 22, 2012, in Karachi, Pakistan

Rehmatullah Abid, Dunya News TV, Intikhaab

November 18, 2012, in Panjgur, Baluchistan, Pakistan

Mushtaq Khand, Dharti Television Network and Mehran

October 7, 2012, in Khairpur, Pakistan

Abdul Haq Baloch, ARY Television

September 29, 2012, in Khuzdar, Pakistan

Abdul Qadir Hajizai, WASH TV

May 28, 2012, in Quetta, Pakistan

Razzaq Gul, Express News TV

May 19, 2012, in Turbat, Pakistan

Mukarram Khan Aatif, Freelance

January 17, 2012, in Shabqadar, Pakistan

Javed Naseer Rind, Daily Tawar

November 2011, in Khuzdar, Pakistan

Faisal Qureshi, The London Post

October 7, 2011, in Lahore, Pakistan

Shafiullah Khan, The News

June 17, 2011, in Wah Cantonment, Pakistan

Asfandyar Khan, Akhbar-e-Khyber

June 11, 2011, in Peshawar, Pakistan

Saleem Shahzad, Asia Times Online

May 29 or 30, 2011, in Mandi Bahauddin, Pakistan

Nasrullah Khan Afridi, Pakistan Television and Mashriq

May 10, 2011, in Peshawar, Pakistan

Wali Khan Babar, Geo TV

January 13, 2011, in Karachi, Pakistan

Pervez Khan, Waqt TV

December 6, 2010, in Ghalanai, Pakistan

Abdul Wahab, Express News

December 6, 2010, in Ghalanai, Pakistan

Misri Khan, Ausaf and Mashriq

September 14, 2010, in Hangu, Pakistan

Ejaz Raisani, Samaa TV

September 6, 2010, in Quetta, Pakistan

Ejazul Haq, City-42 TV

May 28, 2010, in Lahore, Pakistan

Ghulam Rasool Birhamani, Daily Sindhu Hyderabad

May 9 or 10, 2010, in Wahi Pandhi, Pakistan

Azamat Ali Bangash, Samaa TV

April 17, 2010, in Orakzai, Pakistan

Malik Arif, Samaa TV

April 16, 2010, in Quetta, Pakistan

Janullah Hashimzada, freelance

August 24, 2009, in Jamrud, Pakistan

Musa Khankhel, Geo TV and The News

February 18, 2009, in Swat, Pakistan

Tahir Awan, freelance

January 4, 2009, in Dera Ismail Khan, Pakistan

Mohammad Imran, Express TV

January 4, 2009, in Dera Ismail Khan, Pakistan

Abdul Razzak Johra, Royal TV

November 3, 2008, in Punjab, Pakistan

Abdul Aziz Shaheen, Azadi

August 29, 2008, in Swat, Pakistan

Mohammed Ibrahim, Express TV and Daily Express

May 22, 2008, in Khar, Pakistan

Siraj Uddin, The Nation

February 29, 2008, in Mingora, Pakistan

Chishti Mujahid, Akbar-e-Jehan

February 9, 2008, in Quetta, Pakistan

Zubair Ahmed Mujahid, Jang

November 23, 2007, in Mirpur Khas, Pakistan

Muhammad Arif, ARY Television

October 19, 2007, in Karachi, Pakistan

Javed Khan, Markaz and DM Digital TV

July 3, 2007, in Islamabad, Pakistan

Noor Hakim Khan, Daily Pakistan

June 2, 2007, in Bajaur, Pakistan

Mehboob Khan, freelance

April 28, 2007, in Charsadda, Pakistan

Hayatullah Khan, freelance

June 16, 2006, in Miran Shah, Pakistan

Munir Ahmed Sangi, Kawish Television Network

May 29, 2006, in Larkana, Pakistan

Allah Noor, Khyber TV

February 7, 2005, in Wana, Pakistan

Amir Nowab, Associated Press Television News and Frontier Post

February 7, 2005, in Wana, Pakistan

Sajid Tanoli, Shumal

January 29, 2004, in Mansehra, Pakistan

Fazal Wahab, freelance

January 21, 2003, in Mingora, Pakistan

Shahid Soomro, Kawish

October 20, 2002, in Kandhkot, Pakistan

Daniel Pearl, The Wall Street Journal

Date unknown in 2002, in Karachi, Pakistan

Sufi Mohammad Khan, Ummat

May 2, 2000, in Badin, Pakistan

Z.A. Shahid, Khabrain

January 18, 1997, in Lahore, Pakistan

Mohammad Samdani Warsi, Parcham

December 6, 1994, in Karachi, Pakistan

Mohammed Salahuddin, Takbeer

December 4, 1994, in Karachi, Pakistan


7 Media Workers Killed in Pakistan

Terminology explained

Arshad Ali Jafri, Geo TV

September 8, 2015, in Karachi, Pakistan

Waqas Aziz Khan, Express TV

January 17, 2014, in Karachi, Pakistan

Mohammad Khalid, Express TV

January 17, 2014, in Karachi, Pakistan

Ashraf Arain, Express TV

January 17, 2014, in Karachi, Pakistan

Mohammad Amir , ARY Television

September 21, 2012, in Peshawar, Pakistan

Mohammad Sarwar, Aaj TV

September 3, 2010, in Quetta, Pakistan

Mian Iqbal Shah, Peshawar Press Club

December 22, 2009, in Peshawar, Pakistan


21 Journalists Killed in Pakistan/Motive Unconfirmed

Terminology explained

Muhammad Jan, Qudrat

January 12, 2017, in Qalat, Pakistan

Muhammad Umar , Daily Dera News

January 16, 2016, in Dera Ismail Khan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province, Pakistan

Ijaz Mengal, Daily Intekhab

February 14, 2014, in Khuzdar, Pakistan

Haji Abdul Razzaq Baloch, Daily Tawar

Date unknown in 2013, in Karachi, Pakistan

Mehmood Jan Afridi, The Daily Intekhab

March 1, 2013, in Kalat, Pakistan

Malik Mumtaz, Geo TV and News International

February 27, 2013, in Miran Shah, Pakistan

Aurangzeb Tunio, Kawaish Television Network

May 10, 2012, in Lalu Ranwak, Pakistan

Muneer Shakir, Online News Network, Sabzbaat TV

August 14, 2011, in Khuzdar, Pakistan

Zaman Ibrahim, Daily Extra News

April 2, 2011, in Karachi, Pakistan

Abdost Rind, freelance

February 18, 2011, in Turbat, Pakistan

Ilyas Nizzar, Darwanth

January 3, 2011, in Pidarak, Pakistan

Mehmood Chandio, Awaz

December 5, 2010, in Mirpurkhas, Pakistan

Lala Hameed Baloch, Daily Intikhab

November 18, 2010, in an area outside Turbat, Pakistan

Siddique Bacha Khan, Aaj TV

August 14, 2009, in Mardan, Pakistan

Wasi Ahmad Qureshi, Daily Azadi, Balochistan Express

April 16, 2009, in Khuzdar, Pakistan

Raja Assad Hameed, The Nation, Waqt TV

March 26, 2009, in Rawalpindi, Pakistan

Khadim Hussain Sheikh, Sindh TV and Khabrein

April 14, 2008, in Hub, Pakistan

Mohammad Ismail, Pakistan Press International

November 1, 2006, in Islamabad, Pakistan

Asadullah, Freelancer

September 1, 2001, in Karachi, Pakistan

Nawaz Zulfiqar Memon, The Nation

December 3, 1999, in Islamabad, Pakistan

Carlos Mavroleon, Freelancer

August 27, 1998, in Peshawar, Pakistan

25 most evil people in history

The 25 Most Evil People in History
25 Most Evil People In History
• About
• #66 (no title)
The 25 Most Evil People In History
• December 27, 2010 – 1:31 am
• Posted in Evil People
• Comments (62)
Vote who you think is the most evil.
(polls)
25 Elizabeth Bathory

Elizabeth Bathory was a countess who lived in the Carpathian Mountains. She was one of the inspirations of Dracula and her nickname was Countess Dracula. She was possibly the most prolific serial killer in history. She believed that blood on her skin made her fresher and younger. She was responsible for the killing of 650 girls; many were tortured for weeks and were often naked when they were tortured. They were forced to eat their own flesh. She sometimes drank the blood of the girls and stabbed them with needles. Some had their face, hands and private parts burned and bit their flesh and private parts. Many of them starved to death, others were burned or froze to death naked. She might have eaten some of her servants. It is possible that she bathed in blood. She was never put on trial, but was forced to stay in one room for the rest of her life. She died 4 years later.
24 Talat Pasha

He was the Grand Vizier of the Sultan in the Ottoman empire from 1917 to 1918. In 1915, Talat declared an order to wipe out the Armenian race. People were whipped, tortured, robbed, raped and killed. All of the Armenians were forced into concentration camps. People were overloaded with supplies and forced to trudge miles with no food and they were killed if they couldn’t continue. People were naked when they marched. The whole male population of Angora was exterminated. Many were forced to rape family members. People were killed by bayonets, clubs, axes, hammers, spades, scythes, and saws. Many had their private parts and sexual organs cut off. Tens of thousands were burned, drowned, poisoned, dismembered, crucified, boiled and beaten to death. Out of the population of 2.5 million Armenians, 1 to 1.5 million people were killed. Talat was assonated in 1921 by a Armenian assassination squad.
23 Josef Mengele

He was a physician in the concentration camp Auschwitz and the doctor known as the “Angel of Death.” He was in charge of selecting Jews to be sent to concentration camps or to be killed. He practiced many experiments on people. One of the most common experiments was on twins. He would find the similarities and differences in the genetics of twins, as well as seeing if the humane body could be manipulated. There were about 3,000 twins, only 200 survived. The twins were arrange by sex and age. During the experiment, he would pour chemicals into the eyes of the twins to see if it would change their colors into sewing them together in hope to create conjoined twins. He sometimes tried to change the sex of the twins. He sometimes forced parents to kill their children. He tortured children to see how long they could survive. He often beat prisoners to death personally. He sent over 400,000 people to their deaths in the gas chambers. Mengele escaped with his family to South America and lived there the rest of his life. It is possible that he used 88 twins in his medical experiments there. He died from a stroke in 1985 while swimming in the Brazilian ocean.
22 Reinhard Heydrich

Reinhard Heydrich was the chief of the Reich Main Security Office, the second most powerful person in the SS and the mastermind of the Final solution. He was one of the highest ranked of all the Nazis and was responsible for many war crimes. His actions caused the deaths of millions of people. He was responsible for the mass murder of Soviet officials and Russian Jews during Germany’s invasion of the Soviet Union, which killed over a million people. He forced 60,000 Jew to leave Germany and go into Poland, where they were sent to Ghettos. As he chaired the Wannsee Conference, he presented a plan of transportation and deportation of 11 million Jews from every country in Europe to be worked to death or killed. Heydrich thought of the pretext to invade Poland, which killed over 80,000 people and started World War II. There was an assassination attempt on him in 1942. He survived the attempt to kill him, but died 9 days later. In response to his death, Nazis killed nearly everyone in the village of Lidice.
21 Osama bin Laden

Osama bin Laden was an Islamic terrorist leader that lead the terrorist organization called the Al-Qaeda. He is responsible for the 9-11 attack, which injured more than 6,000 and killed about 3,000. He is also responsible for bombing attacks on the United States Embassies in Dares Salaam, Tanzania, and Nairobi, Kenya. 212 people were killed and 4,000 were injured. He sponsored the Luxor massacre of 17 November, which killed almost 70 people. Osama has caused other Al-Qaeda bombings throughout the world. The 2004 Madrid train bombings, which killed 191 people and injured 2,050. In October 2002 in Bali, 3 bombs exploded, killing 202 and injuring 209. The 2004 SuperFerry bombing killed 119 people. Thousands of Iraqis have died from Al-Qaeda bombings. In 2007 alone, bombs exploded in Qahtaniya and Jazeera, Iraq, killing 796 and injuring 1,562 people. Osama encouraged other Terrorist groups to attack the United States. He caused the War on Terror, which killed 127,170 to 1.2 million people. Osama was killed on May 2, 2011.
20 Saddam Hussein

Saddam was dictator of Iraq from 1979 to 2003. During that time, about 2 million people died as a result of his actions. He authorized many attacks on people like the chemical attack on Kurdish village of Halabja, which killed 5,000 people. Saddam’s 1987-1988 campaign of terror against the Kurds killed 50,000 to 100,000. An Amnesty International report said, “victims of torture in Iraq are subjected to a wide range of forms of torture, including the gouging out of eyes, severe beatings, and electric shocks… some victims have died as a result and many have been left with permanent physical and psychological damage.” Saddam also had approximately 40 of his own relatives murdered. He executed over 400,000 Iraqis. Many of them were tortured to death and filmed so he could watch them at his house. In 2006, Saddam was hanged after being found guilty for being convinced of crimes against humanity by the Iraqi Special Tribunal.
19 Heinrich Himmler

Heinrich Himmler was the head of the SS, the second most powerful Nazi and the architect of the Final Solution. He, more than anyone, encouraged and facilitated Adolf Hitler’s decision to implement the Final Solution to the Jewish question, as well as other programs of ethnic cleansing that destroyed millions of lives during World War II. He was responsible for 6 to 7 million deaths of Poles, Russians, communists, and other groups whom the Nazis deemed unworthy to live including people with physical and mental disabilities. Himmler once said “The decision, therefore, lies here in the East; here must the Russian enemy, this people numbering two hundred million Russians, be killed on the battle field and person by person, and made to bleed to death”. His house contained furniture and books made from the bones and skins of his Jewish victims. Himmler committed suicide in 1945 by eating poison.
18 Adolf Eichmann

Adolf Eichmann was the architect of the Holocaust. He was in charge of rounding up Jews into and forcing them into ghettos and concentration camps. He was responsible for day-to day organization of the Final Solution. He organized the registration, cremation and transport of Europe’s Jews. From May until July, 1944 Eichmann organized the deportation and murder of more than 400,000 Hungarian Jews. He was responsible for 5 to 6 million Jewish deaths. He would leap into his grave laughing because the feeling that he had 5 million Jews he killed filled his heart with gladness and joy. He once said that he would even kill his father if he was ordered to do so. He escaped and made his way to Argentina and lived under the name Ricardo Klement for 15 years. He was captured in May 1960, Israeli Security captured him and took him to trial. He was tried for 15 charges and hanged.
17 Maximilien Robespierre

He was the leader of the French Revolution. Before he became a tyrant, he wanted the people of France to have freedom and rights but when he gained power his personality changed and he became obsessed with guillotining people. He began to create a reign of terror, a 10-month period in which mass executions were carried out. He also began to see everyone including friends as enemies. People were guillotined for not supporting the French Revolution, hoarding, desertion, rebellion, and other things he saw as crimes. He guillotined entire families of aristocrats and ordinary people. He even guillotined his closest friends. Most were killed without trials. As many as 40,000 were either executed or died in prison including King Louis XVI and Queen Marie Antoinette. He was also responsible for hundreds of thousands that died in battles during the Revolution. Under his orders, his men attacked Vendee, killing well over 100,000 men, women and children. He believed that killing people was better than forgiving people. Ultimately, in 1794, Robespierre was guillotined without trial.
16 Kim Il Sung

He was dictator of North Korea from 1948 to 1972. Kim Il Sung started the Korean War, which killed 3 million people. After the war, he brainwashed the people of North Korea into idolizing him, even though he made the country a lot worse than it was before. He killed all of his officers and rivals. In addition, he exiled or executed 90% of his generals that fought in the war. More than 200,000 political prisoners were forced into concentration camps. People were forced into concentration camps for something as little as dropping a picture of Kim Sung accidentally on the ground. If someone committed a crime, the person’s children and the children’s children would also be killed or sentenced to life imprisonment. Prisoners were starved, tortured or worked to death. Prisoners were sometimes forced to kneel in a box motionless for months until he or she dies. Hundreds of thousands were killed by firing squads and in concentration camps. Of the population of 22 million Koreans, 900,000 to 3.5 million have died in a famine. Kim Il Sung died in 1994 of a heart attack, which was brought on by a row with his son Kim Jong Il, who has proven that he is worse than his father.
15 Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini

He was the religious leader of Iran from 1979 to 1989. He was also the leader of the 1979 Iranian Revolution, which killed 3,000 to 60,000 people. The Shia Islamic Law had a lot of harsh rules for the normal people. Men and women had strict dress codes, citizens lost equal rights and met with very harsh punishments, were brutalized, tortured and killed. People were imprisoned and tortured for listening to music. People were lashed 100 times for kissing in public. People were tortured and killed if they did not believe in Allah. People were shot, hanged, blinded, gassed, stabbed in the chest, stoned to death and burned alive. People had their hands cut off for stealing. Women had their faces slashed or burnt by acid. People were killed by machine guns, knives, clubs, cutters, and acid. In the 1988 Iranian Massacres, Khomeini ordered that every prisoner that did not repent anti-regime activities should be killed. About 30,000 people were killed in 5 months while thousands of others were killed for other reasons including children that were hanged from cranes. His followers held 52 Americans captive for 444 days, but there were others there for 6 years. They were blindfolded most of the time. They might have suffered a fate worse than death. He spread his ways across the Middle East. Saddam Hussein feared the spread of Khomeini’s militant brand of Shiism so he attacked Iran, which started the Iran-Iraq War, which caused the deaths of 1 to 2 million people. During the war, Khomeini sent young boys to fight and refused to make peace with Iraq even though there was at least one moment when Saddam offered peace for Iran. Because Khomeini refused to settle peace, Iran’s economy was ruined and 500,000 to 1 million Iranians were killed. His hatred of America and Western society inspired and paved the way for terrorist groups including Al-Qaeda. He paved the way for the Islamic Holy War, which has killed more than 2 million people. Khomeini died from cancer in 1989.
14 Emperor Hirohito

He was emperor of Japan from 1926 to 1989. In that time he and his army committing many war crimes and killed countless numbers of Chinese, Indonesians, Koreans, Filipinos and Indochinese. He committed the war crime called The Rape of Nanking which killed 300,000. He ordered every Chinese war prisoner to be killed. About 200,000 women were sexually assaulted. Husbands were sometimes forced to rape their wives and daughters. A total of 10 million Chinese were forced into slavery, many were tortured and some even eaten. Many people were shot, beheaded, stabbed, burned, boiled, roasted, buried alive, and impaled. People were sometimes killed by gas, aid, military dogs and being hanged by their tongues on iron hooks. People were often used for bayonet practice. Between 4 and 10 million people in Java were forced to work by Japanese military, the majority of which died. People sometimes had their bodies sliced in half by a sword. Women were often stabbed by a bayonet or a long stick of bamboo through private parts. The Japanese disemboweled, decapitated, hacked, nailed, crucified and dismembered men. Men and women sometimes had their private parts sliced open. Thousands were frozen to death. 4 million people in Indonesia died from famine and 2 million in Vietnam. Thousands were killed by chemical attacks. About 400,000 were killed by diseases. About 580,000 were killed after being human experiments. The Sook Ching massacre killed 50,000 to 90,000 Chinese. 100,000 civilians in the Philippines died from the Manila massacre. His men said that it was easy to kill because Hirohito told them that their lives were valueless compared to himself. He told his men to kill, burn, and loot all Chinese. Over 20 million Chinese, 10 million Asians in other countries, and millions of people in World War II were killed by the Japanese. He died in 1989 from cancer.
13 Nero

Nero was Rome’s 5th emperor from AD 54 to AD 68. He brought the Roman Empire to ruin. He burned entire cities. He murdered thousands of people including his aunt, stepsister, ex-wife, mother, wife and adoptive brother. He systematically murdered every member in his family. Some were killed in searing hot baths. He poisoned, beheaded, stabbed, burned, boiled, crucified and impaled people. He often raped women and cut off the veins and private parts of both men and women. He is said to have fiddled while Rome was burning. The great fire killed many of Rome’s citizens and left hundreds of thousands destitute. Though Nero probably started the fire, he blamed it on the Christians. Christians were starved to death, burned, torn by dogs, fed to lions, crucified, used as torches and nailed to crosses. He was so bad that many of the Christians thought he was the Antichrist. He even tortured and killed the apostle Paul and the disciple Peter. Paul was beheaded and Peter was crucified upside down. Nero committed suicide when he realized he was losing the rebellion and his life was in danger.
12 Caligula

He was Rome’s 3rd emperor from AD 37 to AD 41. He was wild, extravagant, with a penchant for sexual adventures. In the first 3 months in his reign of terror, over 160,000 animals were sacrificed in his honor. He later got a brain fever that made him mentally ill. He then believed he was a god. Under Caligula, the law became an instrument of torture. He believed prisoners should feel a painful death. He began to brutally murder for fun. He would kill his opponents slowly and painfully over hours or days. He decapitated and strangled children. People were beaten with heavy chains. He forced families to attend their children’s execution. Many people had their tongues cut off. He fed prisoners to a lions, panthers and bears and often killed gladiators. One gladiator alone was beaten up for 2 days full days. He sometimes ordered people to be killed by elephants. His cruelty caused people to commit suicide. He demanded sex with a lot of women including his 3 sisters. He would force husbands to give up their wives. He exiled his sisters and had his brother in law put to death. He caused many to die of starvation. Sawing people was one of his favorite things to do, which filleted the spine and spinal cord from crotch down to the chest. He liked to chew up the testicles of victims. He killed some of his most important friends and his father-in-law. One time Caligula said “I wish Rome had but one neck, so that I could cut off all their heads with one blow!” In AD 41, Caligula was killed by Casius Chaerea, a man whom Caligula had mocked at court for his effeminacy.
11 Attila the Hun

Attila ruled the Huns from 434 to 453. He was the leader of the Hunnic Empire which stretched from the Ural River to Germany and from the Baltic Sea to the Danube River. He was a bloodthirsty, cruel and ruthless barbarian that was a lover of battle. He wanted to destroy the Roman Empire and everyone in his way. If you were a citizen in Rome and begged for mercy, he would kill you. He was as great a menace to the Teutonic tribes people as he was to the Romans. He was so destructive that people believed he was a punishment from Heaven. His nickname was Attila the Scourge of God. Attila and the other Huns thought that other people’s lives were meaningless. He would torture and destroy his enemies, his own people and entire population of cities. He rampaged Roman cities and may have killed up to hundreds of thousands. People were sometimes torn limb by limb. One time Attila found Saint Ursula, the perpetual Virgin, and wanted to marry her. She refused which made Attila angry and had her killed along with 11,000 of her companions. It is said that he might have drunk a women’s blood. He eat 2 of his sons and killed his brother. Attila coughed up blood and died in 453.
10 Genghis Khan

He was Khan of the Mongolian Empire from 1206 to 1227. In that time he conquered most of China and all the land through the Caspian Sea. He was ruthless, vengeful, cruel, and bloodthirsty. He and his army destroyed countless numbers of cities, solders, civilians and children. People were killed by having molten metal and silver poured into their eyes and ears. In one massacre alone, 700,000 people were killed. At another place, the poor were decapitated and the rich were tortured to find out where their treasure was. Women were sometimes raped in front of their families. Hundreds of thousands had their lives ruined. It is said that if his army of men had no water they would cut a horse’s vein and drink its blood. He would use people as human shields. Tens of thousands became slaves. He would order you to be killed immediately if you were an enemy, if you betrayed him or if you were disloyal to him. Genghis and his army killed 20 to 60 million people (or 10% to 30% of the known world’s population). He killed three-fourths of the population of the Iranian Plateau which was 10 to 15 million. He also killed his brother at age 13 just because his brother had stolen a fish from him. Genghis Khan once said “The greatest happiness is to scatter your enemy to drive him before you, to see his cities reduced to ashes, to see those who love him shrouded in tears, and to gather into your bosom his wives and daughters.” Genghis Khan died of natural causes in 1227.
9 Leopold II of Belgium

He was king of Belgium from 1865 to 1909. He ruled the Congo Free State, which was a private project, from 1885 to 1908. The Congo Free State was 76 times larger than Belgium. He is considered one of the greatest liars of all time because he fooled the whole world that he was helping the Congo and the world believed him. Instead he turned the Congo into a country ruled by force labor. He was free to rule the Congo Free State as a personal domain. Leopold ruled about 20 million Congolese. Under his administration, the Congo Free State was subject to a terror regime. The Congo Free State also became one of the most infamous international scandals of the turn of the century. His men tortured, maimed, and slaughtered millions of Congolese. Congolese were killed if they did not bring enough rubber. Hundreds of thousands of people had their hands, legs, feet, arms, heads, ears, and noses cut off. Many villages were burned and the Natives forced to flee into the jungle. Leopold’s men raped, flogged and eat the natives. They slaughtered hundreds of thousands of children. More than 500,000 died from various diseases. A few million died of starvation. Leopold killed around 10 million Congolese (or 50% of the Congo’s population). Before Leopold acquired The Congo Free State, most African countries were free countries, but within 30 years after Leopold acquired the Congo Free State, all but 2 African countries were taken by European countries. He did all of this just to get more money. Leopold died in 1909.
8 Tomas de Torquemada

Torquemada was the Grand Inquisitor of Spain from 1483 to 1498. He started the Spanish Inquisition, which was established on November 1, 1478 and disbanded in July 15, 1834. The Spanish Inquisition was an ecclesiastical tribunal run by the Spanish monarchy and established to root out heretics and other individuals who threatened the status of Roman Catholic Church in Spain. Torquemada’s spies turned friends against friends and they made sons and daughters testify against their parents. Torquemada without lack of evidence would order Jews to be tortured or killed because of his discrimination towards them. Countless of people were tortured, whipped, subjected to horrific physical punishments, and forced to surrender all of their property. Children sometimes died from starvation. People were often naked when they were tortured. Torquemada favored many forms of torture like foot-roasting and suffocation. People were sometimes burned alive, hanged, and grilled. Some ways of torture often went through sexual organs. One way to torture people was the garrucha, which pulled a prisoner’s arms and legs from their sockets. Another way of torturing Jews was the toca, a water torture, which was when water was forced down the victim’s throat. Another method was the porto which used tight cords to stop blood from flowing. Another method was the turtle which was when victims were crushed with heavy weights. Another method was when a victim would be pushed into a garroting chair, which had a sharp point in the neck region. Another method was the rack which stretched a person’s body a foot or more. Then an inquisitor would rip off the victim’s nipples, tongue, ears, nose, and genitals. Some people were skinned from their head to their waist. 2,000 to 10,000 Jews suffered death by being burned on stakes and more than 9,000 were punished by other methods. Many Jews died from starvation. By one account, he killed over 30,000 people. Torquemada’s hatred of heretics influenced King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella to expel every Jew or Muslim that had not embraced Christianity which was 200,000 to 300,000. Most of them had ancestors that have lived in Spain for centuries. It is said that Torquemada himself had Jewish blood in him. Torquemada died of old age in 1478.
7 Mao Zedong

Mao Zedong was dictator of China from 1943 to 1976. Mao’s plan was to make China a superpower country. Mao also said he would turn China into a powerful country that could match the United States and the Soviet Union. In the process however, he created the greatest famine and genocide in history. Under Mao’s rule China endured a series of economic disasters and political terrorism. Millions of Chinese died by execution, starvation and committing suicide. Tens of millions were sent to labor camps. 5 Million were executed. Mao turned neighbors against neighbors and sons and daughters against their teachers and parents. Mao used fear to root out every last hint of dissent. A criticism uttered in private could lead to public humiliation, torture or death. The famine killed about 30 to 45 million people. Millions died from disease. Another 700,000 committed suicide out of fear of Mao. Mao lead 2 Great Leap Forwards which was a plan to use China’s vast population to rapidly transform the country from an rural economy into a modern communist society. Both combined killed 40 to 50 million people. Millions of children were also killed. If children stole food, they would have their fingers chopped off. Mao once lead a revolution that everyone in China was supposed to accept, but if you opposed the revolution, you would either be imprisoned for many years, tortured or executed. People were expected to work till they dropped. People were beaten up and tortured if they could not do their work and if they were late going to work. People were also beaten up if they said something that made Mao or his men angry. Mao’s brutal men had methods of torture like whipping, burning people with incense or with flame of a kerosene lamp and nailing a person’s palms to a table and then to insert bamboo splints under fingernails. Mao killed 70 million people. Mao died in 1976 after suffering from a nervous system disease.
6 Ivan the Terrible

Ivan was Tsar of Russia from 1533 to 1584. Ivan was cruel, brutal and merciless even as a kid. When he was young, he had had habits of taking creatures like dogs, cats, bears, and other creatures to the top of tall buildings and then throwing them to the ground. Ivan killed people when he was a teenager. Ivan found them fun and amusing. When Ivan became Tsar of Russia, he became paranoid and started to see enemies everywhere. Ivan forced thousands to move from their lands and made them homeless. Ivan became obsessed with killing and torturing anyone he saw as enemies but most were innocent people. Ivan destroyed hundreds of villages, towns and cities. In the Novgorod Massacre, 60,000 were tortured to death. Ivan had his own personal torture chamber. Ivan tortured and destroyed entire families. Hundreds of parents were forced to see their children tortured and killed. Ivan ordered hundreds of people to be eaten by bears and wolves. He personally killed and tortured people with his long and hard staff. If Ivan ordered someone to be killed, he would often want to watch the execution. Some his executions were as long as 15 hours. He enjoyed seeing people’s blood and suffering from being tortured. Ivan ordered people to be beheaded, strangled, hanged, blinded, burned, stabbed, boiled, disemboweled, buried alive, impaled and fried. Ivan would often remove people’s ribs with red hot pinchers. Peasant girls were often tortured, whipped, raped and used for target practice. Religious leaders were tortured and killed if they begged Ivan to stop his killings. He blinded his architect and boiled his treasurer. Ivan killed one of his wives a day after their marriage. He even killed his favorite son in a rage. Ivan died while he was playing chess with one of his friends in 1584. Most likely he was poisoned.
5 Idi Amin

Amin was dictator of Uganda from 1971 to 1979. Amin charmed and promised the world that he would bring peace and democracy to the people of his country. Instead he turned Uganda into a poverty-stricken land patrolled by death squads. Amin was possibly the most brutal and merciless dictator of all time. His rule was characterized by human rights abuses, ethnic persecution, political repression, massacres and the expulsion of 80,000 Asians from Uganda. Amin pitted his people and executed hundreds of thousands of his people. Amin was probably the most sadistic dictator in the 20th century. He would show executions of people on television. Amin tortured and killed his country’s soldiers, government officials, teachers, artists, doctors, journalists, engineers, politicians, police officers, photographers, lawyers, business people, ordinary citizens, ministers and children. Amin’s men tortured and killed people with sledge hammers while Amin kept the pictures for fun and amusement. Amin often had his victims buried alive. Amin would often give the heads of his enemies to crocodiles. Hundreds of thousands of dead bodies washed up to the shores of Lake Victoria. Amin killed 4,000 people by throwing them into crocodile infested rivers. About 50,000 people died from disease, most were children. He would cut the flesh of people and force them to eat it until they died. Amin ate human flesh and he said proudly that he was a cannibal. He also drank human blood. Amin mutilated one of his wives and had her limbs sewn upside down. Amin killed and tortured 300,000 to 500,000 Ugandans. Amin was forced in exile in Saudi Arabia for the rest of his life. Amin died almost 25 years later in 2003. In that time Amin lived a very peaceful life.
4 Pol Pot

Pol Pot was Prime Minister of Cambodia from 1976 to 1979. His plan was to destroy the civilization of Cambodia and turn it into a new age. He turned Cambodia into a killing field. Pol Pot is the only man in history that ordered an official genocide against his whole country and he killed the greatest percentage in the amount of time he was in power. He declared that the Buddhist religion, money, and personal possessions would all be banned. His communist government forced mass evacuations of cities. Millions of Cambodians were displaced, tortured and killed. People were separated from friends and families. People died from effects of slave labor, malnutrition, poor medical care, starvation and execution. Hundreds of thousands were clubbed to death and buried alive. Thousands were killed from disease and torture. Many were hanged. Millions of people including the elderly, pregnant women, and children would stand in water up to their necks in cold and rainy seasons, working on canals, with legs and feet swelling up and bleeding. If you stopped working because of illness, you would not be feed or you would be killed. If a worker made a mistake, he or she would be flogged to death or shot. You would be expected to work until you dropped dead. Many people had no rights to eat. If people were found eating dead humans, they would be buried alive. Pol Pot wanted teenagers to become solders with a love of killing. If Cambodian people married people of Vietnam, the husband and wife would be killed. People that spoke and looked like Vietnamese were also killed. Pol Pot often ordered people to kill and fight Vietnamese. He took pictures of the people he executed and recorded them in detail. Prisoners were forced to drink humane urine. He ordered babies to be torn limb by limb. People were beaten to death by blunt instruments like hammers, spades and axe handles. People were also killed by sharpened bamboo sticks. Some of his men killed people by bleeding them to death. He liked to keep the skulls of dead people. To Pol Pot, his people’s lives were not just cheap, but of no value at all. He killed 1 to 3 million Cambodians, 25 to 33 percent of the country. Pol Pot died in April in 1998 of natural causes.
3 Adolf Hitler

Hitler was Chancellor of Germany from 1933 to his death in 1945, becoming Germany’s Fuhrer. Before he gained power, he wanted to be an artist, but he failed. Then he decided that he wanted to be a member of the German army, he became solder in World War I. When the German army surrendered, Hitler escaped and returned to Germany. He believed that Germany lost because they had surrendered, and it made him bitter. He then turned his attention to the Jews. He believed that the Jews were the cause Germany’s problems and he also believed that the Jews did not count as human beings. His plans were to eliminate every Jew in Europe and to gain world control. He once said “by the skillful and sustained use of propaganda, one can make a people see even heaven as hell or an extremely wretched life as paradise.” Hitler would kill any Jew, enemy, or anyone that he thought was a problem. He used wounded people that were in hospitals for test experiments for ways of killing, like carbon dioxide gas. These experiments killed over 300,000 people. Every Jew in Germany was sent to concentration camps. Jews in other countries were also sent to concentration camps. All were expected to work until they died or they were killed. Millions of Jews had to watch friends and members of their families die. Jews died from gas chambers, crematories, firing squads, lethal injections, force labor, starvation, poison, exposure, disease, execution, death marches and medical experiments. More than 90 percent of Poland’s Jews were killed. Millions of children died because of him. Hitler betrayed friends and allies in the war. Hitler had a breading program. If the child fell short of Nazi-defined perfection, the child would be killed. Hitler himself was responsible for the deaths of more than 11 million people (5,000 Jehovah’s Witnesses, 15,000 homosexuals, 100,000 Freemasons, 100,000 of the mentally ill, 500,000 Gypsies, 750,000 Slavs, 3 million non-Jewish Poles, 3 million Russians and 6 million Jews) but his actions caused the deaths of over 50 million people. On 1945, Hitler committed suicide by gunshot and cyanide poisoning.
2 Joseph Stalin

Stalin was dictator of the Soviet Union from 1922 to 1953. When he was young he was a bank robber, an agitator, and an assassin. After a long road to get into power, he became a paranoid, ruthless, unforgiving, brutal and vengeful dictator. He created a 30 year reign of violence, terror, destruction and murdering. Anyone who spied on him, displeased him, or voted against him was doomed to die. His first plan was to create the Soviet Union into an industrial superpower country. To do that would cause the deaths of countless numbers of people. People were sent to slave labors and were forced to work to death. Huge industrial schemes became a living hell for hundreds of thousands of people, if not millions. He signed the death warrants for tens of thousands of people. Stalin only liked people who fourfold his orders, but if you were a popular figure, an intelligent, and independent person, Stalin would order you to be tortured, imprisoned for many years or life, or shot you. He would kill family members of people who loved him and family members of people who horned him as a god. Stalin once kissed a small girl in public, she had become famous and thought Stalin cared for her and her family, but he later killed her parents. People were sometimes killed with an ice pick. About 10 million people died in a famine. Stalin once said “One death is a tragedy, a million deaths is simply a statistic.” He killed the wives of some of his friends. He exiled his daughter’s boyfriend, Aleksie Kapler. Stalin’s wife was driven into despair by his treatment of her, which caused her to kill herself. His son died in a Nazi concentration camp after Stalin refused to trade for his life. He would even kill people who were defending their country against the Nazis. People were in prison were force to fight in World War II, but if they returned they would be sent back to prison. Hundreds of thousands of people from other countries were tortured, raped, or killed. People were often killed by mustard gas bombs. More than 1.5 million German women were raped from the Soviet Union. Recent evidence shows that Stalin had his own Final Solution in which hundreds of thousands of Jews were exiled or killed. Stalin wanted the Soviet Union to become a country strong enough to rival the U.S., but if they were stronger than the U.S., he would want the 2 countries to fight a war. Stalin killed 20 to 60 million people. He died in 1953 from a stroke.
1 Vlad Dracula

Vlad was prince of Wallachia a total of 3 times, in the years 1448, 1456 to 1462, and 1476. He is best known for inspiring the Dracula ledgend, the cruel methods he used to torture and kill people and how much he enjoyed killing people. His last name, Dracula, means little devil. The most common method he used to kill people was impalement. Vlad had a horse attached to each of the victim’s legs and a sharpened stake was gradually forced into the body. The end of the stake was usually oiled and care was taken that the stake was not be to sharp. Normally the stake was inserted into the body through the buttocks and was often forced through the body until it emerged from the mouth. However, there were many times where victims were impaled through other bodily orifices or through the abdomen or chest. He was so found of doing this that he is now known as Vlad the Impaler. The height of the stake ranked the victim. Vlad also loved to impale animals. It was possibly of the most gruesome and painful way of dying in history. Victims would endure this for hours or days. Everyone in the city Amlas, including every children, went through this, which was up to 20,000 people. Vlad did not want the stake to be too sharp because the victim would die to soon and it would not be as much fun to watch. He would impale children and babies through their mother’s chests. Impalement was his favorite way of killing people but it was not his only method. Vlad ordered people to be poisoned, blinded, strangled, hanged, decapitated, stabbed, disemboweled, skinned, exposed to extreme elements and animals, hacked, dismembered, burned, boiled, scalped, roasted, nailed in the head, buried alive, etc. He would like to cut off people’s noses, ears, hands, feet, limbs, and sexual organs. He often cut of peoples private parts (especially in the case of women) and would keep them. People were sometimes worked to death. He also smashed the heads of people into hard walls. He liked to eat and drink around bodies of dead and naked people that had stakes through them. He destroyed many of his villages on his way into battles. He roasted children and forced their parents to eat them. Vlad hated people who were sick, weak, poor, beggars or vagrants. He invited all of the poor and sick of Wallacha to a fake party. He asked them if they wished to be be anything other than poor people. When they all said yes, they were all burned immediately. He murdered his wife had had her sexual organs cut off. There were rumors that Vlad loved to drink blood. Vlad killed over 100,000 people. If that is true he killed 20 percent of Wallacha’s population. Nearly all of those people went through horrible ways of killing that would take a long time. Vlad was decapitated in 1476.
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new wave of abduction, rape and forced conversion in pakistan

New wave of attacks, abduction, rape and forced conversion of Christians

REPORT

from Asian Human Rights Commission

Published on 27 Nov 2015 View Original

Freedom of religion is a fundamental right that exists only on paper in Pakistan. Each year thousands of Christians, forming 13% of the total population, suffer at the hands of religious bigots who use blasphemy as an excuse to ruin their life. Christian girls are increasingly being forced to convert to Islam. According to a report released by Pakistani NGO Aurat Foundation on 13 July 2015, around 1,000 girls are forced to convert to Islam every year in Pakistan. The victims of these forced conversions are largely girls from the Pakistani Christian and Hindu communities. Punjab province has become a hub of forced conversion; every time a case of gross injustice is reported in the media, Chief Minister Shahbaz Sharif merely orders an enquiry and subsequently the media frenzy is settled, while the victim remains without justice.

The Asian Human Rights Commission has received information of three forced conversions of minor Christian girls. On 9 November 2015, 13-year-old Sana John, a 5th grade student was abducted and forcefully converted to Islam in Haji Pura, Sialkot. Sana John was abducted and forcefully converted by Rambo, son of the local Muslim, who is now threatening Sana’s father Shahid John not to report the case, or his other daughter will be abducted as well. A kidnapping case, FIR no.933/15, was registered under section 356-B in the local police station on November 11 against Ali Hassan alias Rembo, Ali Raza Muslim, Razia Bibi (mother of Rembo) and Mohammad Bashir alias Nanha Qasai, but the concerned police did not take any legal action against the culprits. The police and local authorities have turned a blind eye and no one is helping the poor family in recovering their daughter.

In another case, a young Christian girl Agnes Shukat, daughter of Shukat Masih, resident of Lahore cantonment, was kidnapped on 20 November 2015 by Uzma, her Muslim employer and boutique owner. Though Agnes’s family had nominated Uzma in the FIR, a case of kidnapping was registered at the Lahore Cantonment police station against an unknown person upon duress from an army officer.

Kasur district, Punjab province is most prone to discrimination on religious grounds. It is the same district where a young Christian couple was burnt alive inside the brick kiln where they were employed. Even knowing the facts, the authorities have done nothing to protect the local Christian community under constant threat from the local majority populace. On 22 September 2015, a 22-year-old hearing impaired Christian woman was raped by her neighbor. According to the details, Safia Bibi was sitting inside her home when her neighbor M Umar, barged in and raped her. Upon pressure from local NGOs, the police arrested the culprit and FIR No. 271/15 was registered at the Raja Jang police station.

Pakistan’s Christian community is also systematically being denied freedom of expression and the right to propagate their religion. On 25 November 2015, the office of Gwahi TV, a Christian TV channel based in Karachi was set ablaze by unknown persons. In complicity with the arsonists, the police are trying to brush aside the incident as an accident caused due to a short circuit, despite clear evidence of burglary. The fire that lasted about half an hour burnt to ashes almost everything, including a Mac computer, DVDs, editing equipment, books, and records of their donors. Interestingly, the fire only destroyed valuable equipment leaving the blankets, curtains, wooden structure inside the office unscathed. The cameras used for video recording were missing, suggesting they were stolen by the arsonists. The locks inside the office were found broken, clear evidence of foul play, but the police insist it was an accident.

Pakistan has become a society religiously divided, rather than a nation united, after Islam was declared a state religion in the 1963 Constitution. The state has failed to give its minorities a sense of belonging, freedom and security. While the Constitution states that “subject to law, public order and morality, every citizen shall have the right to profess, practice and propagate his religion”, in practice discriminatory laws limit people’s freedom of religion. Similarly, freedom of speech is constitutionally subject to “any reasonable restriction imposed by law in the interest and glory of Islam”. The proverbial Damocle’s sword of blasphemy law has further eroded religious harmony and pluralism.

In blasphemy cases, the accuser also becomes the prosecutor, the judge and the executor, extrajudicially killing innocent victims at his own discretion, without any fear of punishment. On the contrary, he—a murderer—is garlanded as the heir of heaven. Following the murder of Mr. Justice Arif Iqbal Bhatti, judge of the Lahore High Court, by a fundamentalist for acquitting the accused in the famous case of Manzoor Masih and two others, the judiciary in Pakistan appears frightened to acquit under the pressure of strong militant organizations.

The state of Pakistan must play a pivotal role in including religious minorities and other vulnerable groups in the nation building process; no state in the world can survive or flourish by alienating its minorities. It is constitutionally, legally and morally incumbent upon the state to ensure freedom and safety of its entire citizenry, regardless of faith, color, creed or caste.

Asian Human Rights Commission:

About AHRC: The Asian Human Rights Commission is a regional non-governmental organisation monitoring and lobbying human rights issues in Asia. The Hong Kong-based group was founded in 1984

panama papers story from april 3, 2016

DAWN.COM

How Pakistan’s Panama Papers probe unfolded

Plot twists, accusations and 25,000 pages of evidence — a snapshot of the case that will determine Nawaz Sharif’s fate.
Updated about 21 hours ago
April 3, 2016
Panama Papers leaked; Sharif family under spotlight
— Feica/Dawn.
— Feica/Dawn.

The International Consortium of Investigative Journalists (ICIJ) makes 11.5 million secret documents available to the public for the very first time. The documents, coming from Panamanian law firm Mossack Fonseca, contain confidential attorney-client information for more than 214,488 offshore entities.

Eight off-shore companies were reported to have links with the family of Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif and his brother, Chief Minister of Punjab, Shahbaz Sharif.

According to documents available on the ICIJ website, the prime minister’s children Maryam, Hassan and Hussain “were owners or had the right to authorise transactions for several companies”.

The leaks breathe a new life into allegations of corruption that the Sharif family has long been haunted by.

At the forefront of the battle is Pakistan Tehreek-i-Insaf, lead by its chairman Imran Khan.


April 4, 2016
‘The leaks are God sent’ says Imran Khan

PTI Chairman Imran Khan and his party aides consolidate their position on corruption allegations against the prime minister, demanding immediate action by the government to respond to the allegations.

This marks the beginning of what will be nearly a year long effort to resolve the Panama Papers case, also dubbed ‘Panamgate’ in the local media.

Later that afternoon, Maryam Nawaz tweets what appears to be a statement from the Sharif family spokesman. They are calling the revelations made under the Panama Papers leaks, a “distortion of information”.

The statement goes on to clarify that “Maryam Nawaz is not a beneficiary or owner of any of the companies” named in the leaked documents.

April 5, 2016
Under-pressure Sharif announces probe

Realising that silence may deepen the crisis, Sharif takes to the Pakistan Television (PTV) headquarters to address the nation and clear the air. The prime minister begins his speech with a subtle acknowledgment of the fact that he is using state apparatus to address a personal matter.

Visibly perturbed, Sharif says he is open to the formation of a judicial commission to probe his family’s alleged finances in offshore tax-havens.

He explains how his family business was ruined by the party of the Bhuttos from the 70s to the 90 and then was slowly built up again. “On Jan 2, 1972, Bhutto took over the foundry in Lahore, and hence our assets were lost in mere moments,” Mr Sharif confesses.

“My family was not involved in politics till much later, as such, even before I got into politics, we were an established industrial family,” he explained.

The prime minister goes on to speak about how his father established an industrial plant in Makkah, following the military coup in 1999. The plant, he says, was “later sold, and my sons invested the funds into their businesses.”

Denying the legitimacy of allegations targeting his family and himself, the prime minister assures the country he is open to legal scrutiny.


April 10, 2016
Khan wants CJP to head commission

Khan wants the government to promptly form an inquiry commission led by the serving Chief Justice of Pakistan, Anwar Zaheer Jamali. To the contrary, the government is keen on having ex-Supreme Court judges populate the bench.


April 13, 2016
Five ex-SC judges refuse to lead inquiry

Still in its infancy, ‘panamagate’ begins to ingress into the judicial sphere, albeit turbulently. Interior Minister Chaudhry Nisar Ali Khan reveals that the ex-Supreme Court judges contacted by the government to head the inquiry commission have turned down the offer.

Nisar regrets: “All of these judges after taking the time to think over the matter refused to lead the commission without giving any reasons.”


April 14, 2016
Frail, Sharif in London for check-up
Nawaz Sharif's mother wishes him before he departs for London — Dawn
Nawaz Sharif’s mother wishes him before he departs for London — Dawn

Despite mounting criticism from local press and political parties, Sharif takes off for London citing a medical check up as the reason for this five-day tour.

A PML-N source reveals: “The prime minister was looking quite weak when he visited the Planning and Development Ministry a few days ago and the disclosures of his sons’ involvement in offshore business definitely had its political and health costs.”

The office bearer adds that apparently due to a mistake by surgeons during a previous medical procedure in London, Mr Sharif had bled profusely. He recovered, but not completely, and was advised to take breaks from his engagements for further treatment.


April 16, 2016
PML-N proposes ToRs
— Zahoor/Dawn
— Zahoor/Dawn

A government team headed by Finance Minister Ishaq Dar finalises the terms of reference (ToRs) for the proposed inquiry commission being formed to investigate the Panama Papers leaks.

The ToRs are meant to define a scope within which the investigation would take place. Understandably, this is going to be a matter of contention.

Mainly the government’s ToRs looked at empowering the proposed judicial commission to look into the following points:

  • To examine information relating to involvement of Pakistani citizens, persons of Pakistan origin and legal entities in off-shore companies in Panama or in any other country.

  • Involvement of former and present holders of public office in writing off their own bank loans or those of their immediate family members through political influence.

  • Transfer from Pakistan of funds which have originated from corruption, commissions or kickbacks, and to determine whether, in any case referred to above, any law for the time being in force in Pakistan has been infringed.

Maryam Nawaz expresses annoyance on PML-N’s response not being “robust” enough. The meeting also reportedly resolved that: “If at all the commission is formed it will be the one headed by a retired judge of the Supreme Court as announced by the prime minister in his address to the nation.”

Despite having been rejected by five ex-SC judges, the Muslim League leadership is still adamant to see a retired judge of the Supreme Court heading the commission. Rumour has it; retired judge Sarmad Jalal Osmany has accepted the responsibility to lead the probe.

The opposition parties, however, are still unclear on how best to go about the probe.


April 19, 2016
Sharif returns to Pakistan

Amidst political turbulence, Sharif returns to Pakistan, eyeing a difficult job ahead of him.


April 22, 2016
‘Will resign if proven guilty,’ Sharif in second state address

In yet another address to the nation, Sharif announces that his government has decided to formally ask then Chief Justice of Pakistan to set up a judicial commission for investigations into Panama Papers leak.

“I challenge all those who allege tax fraud to come forward and present evidence. If charges are proved against me, I will resign immediately,” vowed Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif.

Sharif appears visibly piqued and spares no one while targeting his political opponents; the ‘hostile’ media, the regime of Gen Pervez Musharraf and his allies. He reserves the bulk of his criticism for Imran Khan.


April 25, 2016
Opposition rejects govt ToRs

Rejecting the inquiry commission proposed by the government, leaders from the PTI, PPP, MQM, PML-Qdemand the ToRs of any such commission be drafted in consultation with the opposition.


May 1, 2016
Bilawal asks Sharif to step down

Coming out strongly against the government, PPP chairperson Bilawal Bhutto-Zardari calls on Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif to step down, until an inquiry into the money laundering allegations levelled at his family are completed.

“As long as the investigations into the Panama leaks are ongoing, you should resign. You can resume when you are absolved of the charges,” he said, reminding Mr Sharif of advice he had imparted for the former prime minister Yousuf Raza Gilani when the latter was facing multiple charges in court.


May 3, 2016
Opposition presents ToRs

After a joint meeting between opposition parties, a set of ToRs have been presented to the government and the media. The ToRs emphasise on initiating the inquiry into off-shore holdings, starting with the Sharif family.

Among other points, the ToRs enlist the following:

  • Whether a respondent, by concealing the ownership and source of income through which the properties were purchased has committed corrupt and illegal practices under the elections/tax laws.

  • A special law titled “Panama Papers (inquiry and Trial) Act 2016” should be passed to facilitate the investigation into the assets, both foreign and domestic, of the prime minister. The law shall be formed with the consensus of the opposition parties.

  • A special commission should be formed, headed by Chief Justice and comprising two other SC judges nominated by him.

  • The procedure of the inquiry shall be fully inquisitorial in character The commission should complete its inquiry in relation to the prime minister and his family in three months.


May 5, 2016
Govt rejects opposition’s ToRs

Rejecting the opposition’s draft of the ToRs for a judicial probe, the government indicated it was willing to sit with the opposition and to come up with ToRs that were focused on eliminating corruption and did not target the prime minister personally.

“The opposition wants the prime minister in the dock, without touching other politicians whose children also run offshore companies,” said Chaudhry Nisar Ali Khan, alleging that the opposition was not serious about holding an inquiry and only wanted to achieve their political goals by simply levelling allegations.


May 10, 2016
Raheel Sharif urges PM to resolve the Panama issue

Gen Sharif, according to a well-placed government source, conveyed a pointed message to the prime minister in a one-on-one meeting.

The army chief’s view was that the protracted controversy over Panama Papers investigation was affecting governance and national security and, therefore, the issue needed to be urgently brought to a close.


May 13, 2016
Supreme Court rejects inquiry commission

The Panamagate controversy takes a new turn as the Supreme Court returns the federal government’s request to appoint an inquiry commission to investigate the leaked document’s connection with the Sharif family.

“Formation of commission of inquiry under the Pakistan Commission of Inquiry Act 1956 (Act VI of 1956), looking to its limited scope, will result in the constitution of a toothless commission, which will serve no useful purpose, except giving bad name to it,” says a communication sent to the law secretary by Supreme Court registrar Arbab Mohammad Arif.

The letter also observes that the ToRs of the proposed commission are so “wide and open” that “it may take years” for the commission to conclude proceedings.


May 16, 2016
Sharif explains himself in landmark speech

The prime minister suggests the formation of a joint committee to draft the ToRs, which will establish the judicial commission he referred to in his first state address on the Panama Papers allegations.

In this speech, Sharif attempts to explain the ownership of his London Park Lane flats. Astonishingly, there is no mention of Qatari Prince Jassim.

The money used to purchase flats in London, he says, was linked to properties the Sharif family sold off in Pakistan decades ago.

‘Prime minister lied on the floor,’ Shah accuses Sharif

After the session, PTI says Sharif has mislead the assembly. “The prime minister lied on the floor of the house,” says PTI leader Shah Mahmood Qureshi.

“We have rejected the prime minister’s speech and the chief justice has already rejected the ToRs prepared by the government. So we will see where do we go from here,” he adds.


May 18, 2016
Consensus to form ToR committee

After much back and forth, the federal government and opposition have agreed to form a 12-member committee in order to draft joint ToRs for an inquiry commission, which would probe the Panama Papers.

After a meeting with opposition members, information minister Pervaiz Rasheed said that government and opposition will name six legislators each to form the parliamentary committee.


May 22, 2016
Nawaz flies to London for heart surgery

Maryam Nawaz says cardiologists and surgeons carried out tests, following which they decided to go for an open heart surgery. The surgery will be performed on May 31, and opposition party leaders – including Imran Khan and Bilawal Bhutto – tweet their best wishes to Sharif. Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi also tweets good luck to Sharif.

Maryam dubs the surgery successful and thanks everyone for their prayers and good wishes.

My father …… The LOVE of my life … Allah bless you with a long life & perfect health …. Ameen ❤️


June 4, 2016
The ToR stalemate

The 12-member bipartisan parliamentary committee seems to have hit a dead end as both sides are not only refusing to budge from their positions on the issue of offshore companies but are also accusing each other of toughening their stance.

The opposition insists on starting the Panamagate probe from Sharif and his three children, whereas the government side wants to enact a law that would extend the scope of investigations but would not make any reference to the premier.

Opposition parties later in the month say they will take to the streets if the government doesn’t review its position on the ToRs.


June 24, 2016
PTI files petition with ECP against Sharif

PTI files a reference with the Election Commission of Pakistan (ECP) seeking disqualification of Sharif for allegedly concealing his assets.

Three days later, PPP also petitions the ECP to disqualify the prime minister and his family members. “The prime minister is not sadiq and ameen anymore and, therefore, is not eligible to hold a seat in the National Assembly,” says the petition, which also contains charges of money laundering, tax evasion and concealment of assets.


July 9, 2016
48 days later, Nawaz returns to Pakistan

Sharif returns home from London, kicking off discussions among analysts about what he should now do to secure his future as the chief executive of the country.

Nawaz Sharif is received at the airport. — Screen grab DawnNews
Nawaz Sharif is received at the airport. — Screen grab DawnNews

Upon his arrival in Lahore, the prime minister appears relaxed and lighter in weight than when he had left a month and a half ago.

The prime minister’s arrival also fuels discussions such as the one during which Mr Sharif had repeatedly been told about the need for having some formal deputies in place, minding the party and the government on his behalf, should the need arise.


July 12, 2016
PM advised to get tough with PTI
— Zahoor/Dawn
— Zahoor/Dawn

As he returns to work and is updated on the economic, security and political situation, Sharif is also determined to devise a plan to counter the PTI chief’s ‘propaganda’.

Khan had recently declared that he was now ready “to play the final round of matches” against the ruling party.

At the meetings in Raiwind, the prime minister is quoted as asking his advisers to prepare the ground for “multiple strategies” against opposition parties.

A PML-N politician from Lahore remarks that “the prime minister’s body language is that of a leader determined to stand firm against his opponents. He is in no mood to show leniency,” he says.


July 20, 2016
‘No more negotiations,’ says opposition

The opposition has decided not to negotiate anymore with the government over the ToR issue.

PTI had invited opposition parties to plot their future course of action after the government refused to accept their ToRs for a Panama specific probe.

Rather than adopting a hard-hitting stance against the government, opposition parties agreed to use their presence in the national and provincial assemblies to remind Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif of his promise to hold a free and fair investigation into the Panamagate scandal.


August 3, 2016
Imran lashes out
— Zahoor/Dawn
— Zahoor/Dawn

Mr Khan regrets that four months had passed since the Panamagate made headlines, but not a single institution had moved or served notice on those whose names had appeared in the Panama Papers for allegedly committing money laundering and tax evasion.

In the run-up to the ‘movement for accountability’, PTI starts building pressure on the state institutions he believes are responsible for election rigging and rampant corruption in the country.


August 24, 2016
JI files ‘frivolous’ Panama petition in SC
JI chief presents a copy of their petition to the media — Dawn
JI chief presents a copy of their petition to the media — Dawn

Jamaat-i-Islami (JI) Emir Sirajul Haq filed his party’s long-awaited petition on the Panama Papers leaks in the Supreme Court.

The petition doesn’t name Nawaz Sharif directly. PTI is expected to file a similar petition next week.

Four days later, the apex court returns the petition, terming it ‘frivolous’.

“This petition prima facie appears to be a frivolous petition within the contemplation of Order XVII Rule 5 of the Supreme Court Rules 1980,” says an order issued by the registrar office.


August 29, 2016
Seeking PM’s disqualification, PTI files petition with SC
Article 62, 63 of the constitution demand that parliamentarians be 'truthful' and 'honest'. — Zahoor/Dawn
Article 62, 63 of the constitution demand that parliamentarians be ‘truthful’ and ‘honest’. — Zahoor/Dawn

The PTI files a petition with the Supreme Court seeking disqualification of prime minister Sharif from his office as well as the National Assembly.

The petition was filed by PTI’s counsel Naeem Bukhari on behalf of party chairman Imran Khan. It has been filed against 10 respondents, which include Nawaz Sharif, his daughter, sons and government institutions.

Bukhari told reporters that their petition is based on the prime minister’s May 16 speech delivered on the floor of the National Assembly.

“A statement delivered on the floor of an assembly possesses prestige,” he said, adding that were a lot of contradictions between the facts and the claims made by Nawaz.


September 25, 2016
Imran urges followers to put up ‘country’s biggest ever demonstration’
— Feica/Dawn
— Feica/Dawn

Khan appeals to people to fully participate in his party’s September 30 march to Raiwind in order to put pressure on state institutions which, according to him, are not working judiciously on the Panama Papers issue.


September 30, 2016
PTI protests outside Sharif residence, demands Nawaz’s resignation
PTI supporters sit on the road to listen to Imran Khan's speech at Raiwind — White Star
PTI supporters sit on the road to listen to Imran Khan’s speech at Raiwind — White Star

Doubling the political pressure on Nawaz Sharif, the PTI leadership decides to invite its workers to stage a sit-in outside the residence of Nawaz Sharif.

On their call, several thousand supporters of the PTI from different parts of the country reach Raiwind Road to participate in the “accountability movement” seen by many as a “do-or-die” act of Imran Khan.


October 7, 2016
Khan’s next plan: Islamabad lockdown
— Sabir Nazar/Herald.
— Sabir Nazar/Herald.

PTI chairman Imran Khan calls on party workers to lay siege to Islamabad on Oct 30, telling them to paralyse the capital until Sharif resigns or presents himself for accountability.


October 10, 2016
Imran asks court for early hearing

In a bid to increase pressure on the government, the PTI has asked the Supreme Court to hold an early hearing of its petition seeking to disqualify Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif, his son-in-law retired Capt Mohammad Safdar and Finance Minister Ishaq Dar for their alleged involvement in the Panamagate scandal.


October 20, 2016
SC accepts petitions

The Supreme Court of Pakistan started accepting petitions filed by Pakistan Tehreek-i-Insaaf, Jamhoori Watan Party, Jamaat-i-Islami and others to begin the proceedings. “I welcome the judicial proceedings in connection with Panama Papers,” said Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif in reply.

In a statement issued after consultation with his legal team, he said, “The court of public opinion has been making decisions, it would be better to wait for the judiciary’s decision.”


October 28, 2016
SC forms a larger bench to formally initiate proceedings
— Zahoor/Dawn
— Zahoor/Dawn

The SC has formed a larger five-bench to hear petitions regarding Panama. Earlier, a three member bench accepted petitions filed by PTI and Sheikh Rashid, asking for the Prime Minister’s disqualification.


October 31, 2016
Imran’s lockdown threat inches closer to reality

Khan calls on supporters to gather in capital, but the numbers aren’t impressive. The government places shipping containers to block off routes from Punjab and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa into Islamabad.

Khan rails against Sharif; government stands its ground.


November 1, 2016
First hearing: SC asks for ToRs, PTI calls off lockdown

It was win-win for all sides when the SC asked the government and the protesting PTI to present their respective ToRs, in case the court decided to constitute an inquiry commission on Panamagate.

— Feica/Dawn
— Feica/Dawn

The order allowed Imran Khan to save face and call off his plan to lock down the capital, while Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif accepted the formation of a judicial commission to investigate the Panama Papers scam, which has been a bone of contention between the two parties since the scandal broke in April 2016.

The apex court had, on May 13, declined to accept the federal government’s plea to appoint a commission of inquiry to probe the Panamagate scandal.


November 2, 2016
PTI holds ‘thanksgiving’ rally

November 7, 2016
Sharif children submit replies to SC
A caricature of Hussain Nawaz — Sabir Nazar/Herald.
A caricature of Hussain Nawaz — Sabir Nazar/Herald.

The Sharif children’s counsel, Salman Aslam Butt, informed the bench that Hassan Nawaz has been running a business lawfully for the last 22 years and Hussain for 16 years.

He added that Maryam Nawaz is not dependent on the prime minister.

Denying allegations levelled in the petitions, Maryam said she is not the beneficiary owner of off shore companies, Nielsen and Nescoll, but only a trustee.


November 14, 2016
‘Good for selling Pakoras‘: PTI submits evidence

The PTI and the AML chief are two of the four parties who have submitted their documents. Analysing the evidence will be a five-judge Supreme Court bench, headed by Chief Justice Anwar Zaheer Jamali.

The court is currently considering whether or not to appoint a judicial commission to probe the Panamagate scandal.

The big question: how did Nawaz Sharif’s children pay for their London properties?

The Supr­eme Court questioned the quality of the evidence presented by PTI and deplored that their 680-page submission had almost nothing to do with the Sharif family’s London properties.

Pointing at PTI’s counsel Hamid Khan, Justice Sheikh Azmat Saeed observed that it seemed as if the petitioners were trying to bury the truth under their evidence that consisted mostly of newspaper clippings, which were only good for selling pakoras the day after publication.

Also read: #Panamagate

Prince Jassim of Qatar presents a different story

Prince Jassim — Reuters
Prince Jassim — Reuters

Like a rabbit out of a hat, PML-N counsel Mohammad Akram Sheikh pulls out a document dated Nov 5, 2016 — marked private, confidential and not to be disclosed to any party, except for the benefit of the courts of Pakistan — on the letterhead of Hamad Bin Jassim Bin Jaber Al Thani, who ruled Qatar from 2007 to 2013.

The letter states that Hamad’s father — Jassim bin Jabr Al Thani — had “longstanding business relations with Mian Mohammad Sharif” — Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif’s father — “which were coordinated through my eldest brother”.

In the year 1980, “Mian Sharif expressed his desire to invest a certain amount of money in the real estate business of Al Thani family in Qatar,” the document says.

The Supreme Court is not pleased to hear yet another explanation for how the Sharif family paid for its London properties, observing that both sides were doing their best to ensure that the court would eventually have to form a commission to decide the Panamagate case.

“This document has completely changed the public stand of the prime minister,” Justice Asif Saeed Khosa observed after the Sharif children’s newly-engaged counsel, Mohammad Akram Sheikh, presented before the court an attested letter from a former Qatari prime minister.


November 30, 2016
‘Shahbaz forged signatures’

PTI’s lead counsel in the Panamagate case Naeem Bukhari, before the Supreme Court, alleged that Punjab Chief Minister Shahbaz Sharif had forged his cousin Tariq Shafi’s signatures on documents.

Addressing a five-judge bench, Bukhari said, “I dont want to say that Shahbaz Sharif forged Tariq Shafi’s signature but there is a difference in the signatures on the affidavit and the contract.”

During the hearing, the judges also discussed the evidence presented by Bukhari gathered from news sources.

The court observed, “If we make a judgement on the basis of news sources, then the PTI should also be worried.”


December 9, 2016
CJ Jamali’s retirement halts proceedings

Procee­dings in the case have ended today as Chief Justice Zaheer Jamali is scheduled to retire. The Supreme Court said that arguments from both sides would commence afresh when hearings resume in January.

A five-judge larger bench headed by Justice Asif Saeed Khosa has been constituted by the Supreme Court to resume hearing of the Pana­ma Papers case from January 4, 2017.


December 31, 2016
Flipping through lawyers; PM’s children change counsel again

Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif and his children submitted documents in the Supreme Court notifying a change of counsel in the Panamagate case.

According to the documents, Advocate Makhdoom Ali Khan will now represent Nawaz Sharif in court instead of Salman Aslam Butt.

Hassan and Hussain Nawaz will be represented by Salman Akram Raja, while Maryam Nawaz will be represented by Shahid Hamid.


January 4, 2017
New bench resumes hearing

The hearing of the Panamagate case resumed on Thursday where the five member bench, headed by Justice Asif Saeed Khosa, was appraised about details of the offices held by Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif during his political career.

Naeem Bukhari, who represents PTI’s chief Imran Khan sought court’s permission to refer to a number of interviews of the Prime Minister, his spouse and children at different point of time to highlight that every one of them took a divergent stand about the ownership of the London properties.

Bukhari cited an April 10, 2000, interview of Begum Kalsoom Nawaz by Rory McCarthy of The Guardian in which she conceded that London flats were bought because her son was studying.

At this, Justice Saeed again cautioned the counsel that he was entering into a dangerous territory, adding that if “we start hanging people on television interviews or news paper clippings then your client will not survive either.”


January 6, 2017
Burden of proof becomes a sticking point

Members of the Supreme Court bench hearing the Panamagate case expressed divergent opinions over which side shouldered the burden of proof.

While Justice Asif Saeed Khosa — who heads the five-judge bench — placed the burden of proof on Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif’s family, Justice Azmat and Justice Ejaz, differed.


January 12, 2017
‘Two different money trails’ puzzle the bench

The prime minister’s counsel is quizzed about a money trail for the London flats and is asked to prove there were no inconsistencies in the prime minister’s speech in the National Assembly last year.

“There are two different money trails before us. How did the money go from Jeddah and then to London? And how did the money go from Dubai to London and then Qatar?” the judge asked.


January 13, 2017
Sharif family’s flats purchased in 1990s, BBC report reveals

Properties owned by the Sharif family in London’s upscale Park Lane neighbourhood were purchased in the 1990s and there has been no change of ownership since then, BBC Urdu has reported.

According to official documents available with BBC Urdu, the four flats were purchased in the name of the Nielsen and Nescoll companies.

According to the documents, an official record of companies doing business in the United Kingdom reveals that when Hassan Nawaz established Flagship Investment Ltd in 2001, the address he provided at the time of registration of the company was that of his Park Lane apartment.

Hussain had said: “The Park Lane apartments in London are ours, two offshore companies, Nielsen and Nescoll, own these flats and I am the beneficial owner of these companies, working under a trust held by my sister Maryam Nawaz Sharif.”


January 17, 2017
Maryam submits reply
A caricature of Maryam Nawaz — Sabir Nazar/Herald.
A caricature of Maryam Nawaz — Sabir Nazar/Herald.

The prime minister’s daughter Maryam Nawaz Sharif submitted her reply to the court.

In her reply, she maintained that she was not her father’s dependent after her marriage in 1992 to Captain Safdar, and that she lived with her husband after her wedding.


January 23, 2017
German daily tweets trouble for Maryam

German newspaper Süddeutsche Zeitung on Monday tweeted documents to ‘help’ Pakistanis form their own opinion on the role of Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif’s daughter in Panamagate.

“For those in Pakistan who doubt the role of the prime minister’s daughter Mariam Safdar in Panama Papers – some of the documents. Judge yourself,” Süddeutsche Zeitung tweeted, along with attachments purporting to show her involvement with Minerva Financial Services. Maryam Safdar is her legal name after marriage.


January 26, 2017
Second letter from Qatari royal

A second letter is floated by Hussain Nawaz’s counsel, ‘clarifying’ Sharif’s investment in Gulf Steel Mills. The letter is accompanied by transaction details and auditor’s reports regarding the Gulf Steel Mills in Dubai and the Azizia Steel Mills in Jeddah.

Prince Jassim — Reuters
Prince Jassim — Reuters

“The investment was made by way of provision of cash which was common practice in the Gulf region at the time of the investment. It was also, given the longstanding relationship between my father and Mr Sharif, a customary way for them to do business between themselves,” the letter states.

“At the end of 2005, after receiving all accruals and other distributions made over the term of the investment, it was agreed that an amount of approx $8,000,000 was due to Mr Sharif. The amount due to him was settled in 2006,” the letter explains, “by way of the delivery to Mr Hussain Nawaz Sharif’s representative of bearer shares of Nescoll Ltd and Nielsen Enterprises Ltd, which had been kept during that time in Qatar.”


January 27, 2017
SC orders NAB to submit Hudaibiya reference record on Dar’s ‘confession’

As part of the Panamagate case hearing, Finance Minister Ishaq Dar’s lawyer Shahid Hamid addressed allegations against his client pertaining to the Hudaibiya Paper Mills default reference investigated by NAB.

Hamid read from Dar’s confessional statement in court: “After the military coup, I was first kept under house arrest then was offered a position in that government in exchange for cooperation. I was made to sign a pre-written statement and then was arrested again.”

“The army kept me captive till 2001, after which I told Rauf Klasra everything in a detailed interview and denied the statement that I was made to sign at the time,” he finished.


January 31, 2017
Supreme Court concerned over NAB, Qatari letters

As the Pamanagate case hearing resumed, NAB Prosecutor General Waqas Qadeer Dar was called once again to the stand and questioned why the ruling in the Hudaibiya Paper Mills case was not appealed.

During the hearing, the five-judge bench also questioned the absence of any mention of the Qatari investments in Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif’s speech in the National Assembly and in Tariq Shafi’s affidavit presented to the apex court.

“We were told that all evidence had been made available, and that perhaps it was we who were unable to see it in its entirety,” Justice Asif Saeed Khosa said in stern admonishment to Akram.


February 15, 2017
The Panama ‘onion’: PTI presents ‘new evidence’

The bench had postponed day-to-day proceedings after Justice Saeed had to be rushed to the Rawalpindi Institute of Cardiology following chest pains on Jan 31.

“We are submitting three more documents — one from PTI chairman Imran Khan that authenticates all previous documents presented by the party, the expert opinion of UK-based lawyers and a document that proves that Maryam Nawaz is the owner of UK-based firms Minerva, Nielson and Nescoll,” PTI spokesman Fawad Chaudhry told a press conference.

“Where is the actual document to show that Hussain Nawaz, the elder son of Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif, is the owner of the four London flats?” asked Justice Sheikh Azmat Saeed, a member of the five-judge Supreme Court bench who rejoined proceedings after recovering from a cardiac ailment.

— Zahoor/Dawn
— Zahoor/Dawn

The prime minister’s counsel argued that the petitioners had failed to link Nawaz Sharif to any wrongdoing, nor found any culpability.

They positioned themselves arguing that since no serious charge has yet been established against the prime minister except general allegations, there is no possibility of holding his children accountable for the allegations levelled by petitioners.

Justice Ejaz Afzal Khan regretted that the court was getting bogged down, describing the case as an onion, that yielded a new surprise every day.

“Every day, new documents and new queries are coming up. How shall we sum it all up?” the judge observed.


February 16, 2017
Surprise: Maryam trustee of London flats for six months, admits Maryam’s lawyer

The lawyer for Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif’s sons sprang a new surprise before the Supreme Court by claiming that the bearer share certificates of the four London flats remained in the custody of Maryam Nawaz — the prime minister’s daughter — between February and July 2006.

Salman Akram Raja told the court that a trust deed was executed between Maryam and Hussain Nawaz in February 2006, following which she acted as a trustee for her brother.

The confession could prove to be a major blow to the Sharif’s case.


February 18, 2017
Consider Qatari letters void: Imran asks SC

Imran Khan has submitted an affidavit to the SC, asking it to ignore the two Qatari letters produced by the Sharif family as evidence of their stance in the case.

In the 24-page affidavit, the PTI leader termed the letters a wonderful example of reverse reconstruction, clearly concocted to cater to the issues before the apex court. The letters, he argued, were simply ‘unbelievable’ and an alleged puerile attempt by a rich Qatari to come to the aid of a rich Pakistani.


February 20, 2017
Record of Hudaibiya, Raiwind references submitted to SC

Today, NAB furnished the Supreme Court with records of two corruption references filed against Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif and other members of his family over a decade ago.

One deals with the Hudaibiya Paper Mills scam, while the other related to the illegal construction of the Sharif family’s Raiwind Estate.


February 22, 2017
‘If a story has been made up, you should stick to it’

The Attorney General of Pakistan (AG) told the bench that the case record in the Hudaibiya reference had been examined and that the company had obtained loans through foreign currency accounts.

At this, Justice Saeed expressed the bench’s frustration by saying that the lawyers were issuing different statements each time, which was confusing the bench.

— Feica/Dawn
— Feica/Dawn

“If a story has been made up, you should stick to it,” he remarked.

“The court was told that investments had been made in the Qatari [royal family’s] businesses. There was no mention of foreign currency accounts in the repayment of loans.”

Addressing the AG, Justice Saeed said: “You should argue as the attorney general. Don’t become a party [to the case].”


February 23, 2017
Panamagate hearings conclude; judgement awaited

After both the defence and prosecution completed their arguments, the SC said it would reserve its verdict on the Panamagate case and issue a detailed judgement.

“It seems ‘justice’ is whatever serves [each party’s] interests,” Justice Asif Saeed Khosa remarked as the arguments wound up.

“If a judgement is not in someone’s interest, they [will] say the judiciary is corrupt, or that maybe the judges aren’t fit to handle such cases,” he commented, adding; “And if a judgement benefits their own stand [on the issue], they will say there can be no better judge.”

“We will decide this case only by the law; such that people will say, 20 years down the line, that this judgement was made by the book,” concluded Justice Asif Saeed Khosa.


Additional reporting by Nasir Iqbal, Irfan Raza, Tariq Naqash, Amir Wasim, Naveed Siddiqui and Haseeb Bhatti.
Header illustration by Fahad Naveed.


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