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bilawal’s billions

Bilawal’s billions — all inherited or gifted

ISLAMABAD: Bilawal Zardari Bhutto has declared before the Election Commission of Pakistan (ECP) his assets worth billions of rupees.

According to details shared by PPP’s Chairperson in his nomination papers for the upcoming elections, he owns almost two dozens of properties, both inside Pakistan and outside, besides having 23 of his immoveable assets including shares investment and bank accounts in Dubai and UK.

Bilawal has declared the “cost of assets”. For example he showed the cost of Bilawal House, Clinfton Karachi only Rs 3 million. Similarly he declared his shares worth only Rs 900,000 in Park Lane Estates, which owns billions of rupees worth 2460 kanals of land in Sangjiani Islamabad.

Most of the properties declared by Bilawal are shown as gifted by parents or grandfather.

His properties held within Pakistan and their cost as declared by Bilawal include 1) Bilawal House, D-30, Block Clinfton Karachi (gifted/construction) having cost Rs 3 million; 2) D-33 (1027 sqyds), Scheme #05 Clifton Karachi 1/3rd share- Rs 2.2m; 3) House in Peshawar, 1/3rd share (self owned)- Rs 6.2m; 4) Bunglow No 158C, Model Town Lahore, 1/3rd share (self owned)- Rs 4.8m; 5) House No 1, Street 85, G-6/4 Islamabad, 1200 sqyds, 1/3rd share- gift received; 6) Apartment G-7/1 Islamabad (gift received)- Rs 1.2m; 7) M-05 Mazzanine Floor G-7/1 Islamabad (gift received)- Rs 1.4m; 8) Basement 502 Sqyds G-7/1 Islamabad (gift received)- Rs 5.2m; 9) Apartment G-7/1, Islamabad (gifted)- Rs 1.4m; 10) 90 Clifton Karachi (1/3rd share of 50%)- inheritance interest; 11) Agriculture land Preetamabad, Sannghar Sindh (gifted by grandfather)- Rs 680,000; 12) 181 Acres of agriculture land at Deh Bhutta, Larkana Rato Dero (gifted/inherited by mother/purchase)- Rs 2.1m; 13) 33 Acres Agricultural Land at Deh Salar, Taluka Rato Dero, Larkana, gifted by mother- Rs 1.1m; 14) 0.37 Guntas agriculture land at Deh Bhando, Rato Dero, Shikarpur Road- Rs 10,744; 15) 13.2 Acres inherited land at Deh Panju-Abro Rato Dero; 16) 3.1 Acres inherited land at Deh Neudero, Larkana; 17) 2.2 Acres at Deh Larkana- inherited by mother; 18) 15% share in 240 Acres agriculture land in in Jhando Mari, Tando Allah Yar- Rs 525,750; 19) 12 Acres agriculture land in Deh Jarhiyon Taluka Chamber- Rs 1m; and (20) 17.10 Acres land at Deh 23 Dad Nawabshah- Rs 447,388.

Bilawal showed two immoveable properties held outside Pakistan but did not show their value. He declared 1) 33% share (gifted) in Villa No 11, Jumeirah, Dubai- value not declared; and 2) 37.5% share in Villa No 34, Al Safa 2, Dubai- value not declared.

Bilawal showed investments in two campanies- a) Rs 21000 worth shares in Zardari Group (Pvt) Ltd Karachi (gifted by grandfather); and b) Rs 900,000 shares in Park Lane Estates (Pvt) Ltd Karachi (gifted by father). Details about what these companies own have not been shared. In a story done by The News several years back, the Park Lane Estates was shown owning 2460 Kanal land in Shangjiani, Islamabad, which in 1990s was alleged (in a NAB case) to be owned by a front man of Asif Ali Zardari.

As per Bilawal declarations he does not own any car but have defence saving certificates worth Rs 1.2m.

Bilawal declared Rs 49m cash, and Rs 9.8m, Rs 3.9m, Rs 102,566, Rs 1000 and Rs 33,334 in five different bank accounts within Pakistan.

Held outside Pakistan, Bilawal declared 23 moveable assets, which include 1) Rs 777.7m worth Loan to Temp Global Growth limited (inherited/out of inherited money, Dubai; 2) Rs 125m worth loan to Radiant Investment Services (inherited/out of inherited money), Dubai; 3) Rs 68m worth loan to Royale Properties International Limited (inherited/out of inherite money), Dubai; 4) Rs 61m worth despite in Union National Bank, SZR Dubai Brnach (out of inherited money); 5) Rs 30.6m worth deposit in Union National Bank, SZR, Dubai; 6) Rs 47m worth loan to Voctory Enterprises Limited UK; 7) Rs 2.8m worth investment in insurance policy in Dubai (out of inherited money); 8) Rs 9m investment in Insurance Policy in Dubai (Out of inherited money); 9) Rs 6.6m worth term deposit in Standard Chartered Bank Dubai; 10) 6m worth term deposit in Standard Chartered Bank Dubai; 11) Rs 0.5m worth saving account in Union National Bank Dubai (out of inherited money); 12) Rs 2m in saving account in Union National Bank Dubai (out of inherited money); 13) Rs 6m in saving account in Standard Chartered Bank Dubai (out of inherited money); 14) Rs 13m cash in Dubai (inherited); 15) Rs 1.6m worth shares in Tempo Global Limited, Dubai; 16) Rs 1.4m shares in Radiant Investment Services Limited, Dubai; 17) Rs 526 shares in Victory Enterprises Limited UK (out of inherited money); 18) Rs 1.4m worth shares in Tempo Global Gains, Dubai (inherited); 19) Rs 1.3m shares in Radiant Investment Services Dubai (gifted by mother); 20) Rs 87,514 worth shares in Tempro Global, Dubai (gifted by mother); 21) Rs 87,514 worth shares in Royale Properties International Limited Dubai (gifted by mother); 22) Rs 273m worth loan to Tempo Global Gains, Dubai (out of inherited money); and 23) In Dubai 10 sets of Jewellery and ornaments, 9 shirt fufflinks, seven watches, laptop etc.

Within Pakistan Bilawal declared Rs 2.5m as the total value of furniture, fittings, and articles of personal use besides Rs 3m worth arms and ammunition, Rs 0.5m worth laptop and cell phones, Rs 1.7m receivable and Rs 275,000 worth agriculture equipment.

Bilawal claim to have assets worth Rs 1.5 billion.

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SKIN AT OLDAGE

Why and how does skin age?
skin, like any other organism is a living thing. so of course it gets old over time. over time your skin will start to lose elasticity (the tightness in skin) and then beome loose. Skin also gets worn in some places like on the corner of eyes and smiling lines therfore causing wrinkles. the harder life you have, the more wrinkles you get.

Does nourishing cream and other skin lotions prevent aging and why?
\n\nNot true because despite great demand, most such products and treatments have not been proven to give lasting or major positive effects. [1] There are a range of cosmetic treatments for the appearance of wrinkles on the http://www.answers.com/topic/skin such as http://www.answers.com/topic/plastic-surgery and http://www.answers.com/topic/botox injections.\n\nNot true because despite great demand, most such products and treatments have not been proven to give lasting or major positive effects. [1] There are a range of cosmetic treatments for the appearance of wrinkles on the skin such as plastic surgery and botox injections. Answer A well-formulated anti-aging cream can actually slow down the process of aging. DaySkin is a scientifically-supported anti-aging cream formulated by a renowned, award-winning doctor. It shows significant reduction of fine lines and wrinkles by stimulating the production of collagen and elastin. This is done through nutrients like Vitamins E, B3 and B5. Zinc oxide cream and titanium dioxide help protect the skin against both the UVA and the UVB rays of the sun. Many people have experienced great results just from using a well-formulated day face cream. Botox treatments can have side effects and are much more expensive.
How does sunlight affect the ages of the skin?
Sunlight affects the aging of the skin by causing premature aging, or early aging of the skin. This may cause you to have wrinkles, age spots, and dryness of the skin before most common people do. Also sunlight may cause your skin to become more thin and less smooth, and your skin will lose the plump, smooth look. Sunlight is good for vitamins, but try to stay out of the sun for too long for a certain period of time, and every 2-3 hours apply sun screen lotion to help prevent burning and drying out.
How does sunlight affect the aging of skin?
The suns ultravoilet light damages fibers in the skin called elastin causing skin to lose elasticity.
How does sunlight affect the aging of the skin?
it make the skin darker, and look bigger than the natural because the sun will make the skin dry .
How does smoking age the skin?
terribly, you get wrinkles, more stress. and when you are older you will honestlly look terrible. i highly recomend not to smoke
How does aging affect the skin?
When you get older, your skin gets more stretchy and more saggy.Like a piece of paper, it gets more wrinkles and can rip moreeasily over time. But since the human skin is stretchy, it doesn’trip. Or does it? It loses elasticity and has decreased ability to renew cells withage. This results in wrinkles, age spots, and sagging. There are two types of aging for the skin. There is the intrinsic(internal) aging, which is caused by factors within your own body,such as genes and body condition; and extrinsic (external) aging,which is caused by factors outside your body, such as sunlight andlifestyle. Common Signs of Aging: Skin becomes rougher. Skin develops lesions such as benign tumors. Skin becomes slack. The loss of the elastic tissue (elastin andcollagen) in the skin with age causes the skin to hang loosely. Skin becomes more transparent as we age. This is caused by thinningof the epidermis (surface layer of the skin). Skin becomes more fragile as we age. This is caused by a flatteningof the area where the epidermis and dermis (layer of skin under theepidermis) come together. Skin becomes more easily bruised. This is due to thinner bloodvessel walls as we age. Aging or, ageing is a process that affects every person. Moreover, it is the most normal process that affects humans both, physically and psychologically. Furthermore, many psychological changes may happen as we grow old which may be both, positive and negative. However, it is a process that happens throughout life but, it is primarily noticed during transition from middle age to old age. Besides, nobody wants to deprive from the pleasures of youth, and grow old. But, this process starts showing signs on our skin or, health, which is when we seek for the ways to prevent aging. There are many anti-aging diets, which people can use, but the question is which of these schemes work? The most visible signs of aging usually occur on the face. Wrinkles on the head and eyes, with loosening of the skin are most serious. Genes May be a factor, as the age of a person, too. But no matter how our genes, if you do not know how to take care of our body, we were unable to age gracefully.
Does chewing gum age skin?
i wouldn’t think so. i don’t think it does any damage to your skin, but the ingredients of the gum itself might not do wonders for your figure.
What is the minimum age to get a skin peel?
u can get it @ any age cuz sumtimes it cums frm a sun burn
How does sunlight affect the aging of your skin?
it causes people tolook older than what they really are. It also causes age spots and brown spots — . wear sunscreen in the summer. Sunlight makes you wrinkly and makes you look old wayy before your middle ages. .
Why does skin wrinkle with age?
because as you age your skin loses its stretchiness, thus the sagging and wrinkles that appear around the eyes and mouth
What age did Michael Jackson get his skin disease?
The skin disease Michael has is called Vitiligo. Vitiligo is a skin condition resulting from loss of pigment which produces white patches. Michael was diagnosed with it in 1986. When he first saw signs of the disease, the patches were barely noticeable. But as he became more stress out from the pressures of the media, the white patches started growing rapidly.. At one point, he had a big white patch on his right hand, and that’s why he started the one sequenced glove trend. If you look at pictures of him in the early 80s, you can see spots on his face where he tried to cover the white patches with makeup You can also see that he had extremely red cheeks, a common symptom of vitiligo.. Today, you can see Michael has a smooth complexion. He probably did the procedure most Vitligo patients do, which is to depigment their whole body, so they won’t look like a dalmation lol.. So all those stories about Michael bleaching himself are FALSE ! It is IMPOSSIBLE to make your skin go from completely brown to completely white.
Why does aging skin not heal well?
As a person ages, the skin becomes thinner and weaker. Skin cellsalso take longer to repair in aging skin. This is why aging skindoes not heal as well as younger skin.
What causes aging of the skin?
The aging of the skin is mostly based on the treatment you give it, your age takes skin along with it and put more skin in to make it wrinkled. As you will see in the future, there will be more “old” people that have wrinkled skin, it goes along with their age.
How do you age your skin?
Getting older, but mostly from too much sun exposer. . DONT FORGET YOUR SUNSCREEN!! 🙂
Where have the most effective anti aging skin care?
In my opinion, the most effective anti-aging products use a treatment cream separate from the moisturizer. I LOVE NiHaDo products. They are a newer skin care line but amazing. Here is my favorite product. http://desmoinesic.com/beta/index.php?page=shop.product_details&flypage=flypage.tpl&product_id=135&category_id=18&option=com_virtuemart&Itemid=4
Is it normal for more moles and freckles to appear on your skin as you age?
Aging signals on the skin are normal, but the types of such signals vary from person to person according to many factors. (excess to solar exposition, unbalanced levels of certain vitamins, high level of melanine on the skin, but those signals do not indicate an unhealthy person, nor they are an indicative of aging. Younger people may show them as well.
What causes the skin of the face to sag with age?
When you are older your body stops the production of structural proteins like collagen and elastin. Without collagen your skin lacks strength and without elastin it lacks elasticity.
Best products for repair and aging skin?
A number of treatment options are out there to help you reduce youraging signs, and amongst all 1. Omega-3 Capsules 2. Chromium 3. Bilberry or Grape Seed Extract 4. Garlic and 5. Alpha-Lipoic Acid are top 5 anti-aging supplements formetabolic syndrome.
What vitamins are best for aging skin?
Vitamin B, C, E, are the best. You can apply them topically with an herbal anti aging facial mask or take them orally.
What is an anti-aging skin product for men?
A broad anti-aging approach that combines the benefits of the best anti aging cream with regular antioxidant vitamins to help protect body from free radicals which can speed up the signs of aging. The anti-aging products will help you eliminate fine lines and wrinkles while the antioxidants energize your skin.
Organic anti aging for sensitive acne prone skin?
Using an anti ageing cream on top of acne prone skin is not the priority, You first of all need to get rid of the acne completely, Is this possible?? Of course it is, Then and only then can you concentrate on your anti ageing appearance…… To find out more visit my website for free information http://Jamess.bestforantiaging.com
Why does skin wrinkle and sag as you age?
Many factors contribute to this including sun exposure, hormone changes as you age, your food diet and daily water intake, and weight gain and loss.
Brand for anti aging skin care?
Just few easy steps to overcome the side effects of ageing, followa daily skin care regimen that will protect and nourish your skin.Some of your current problems could just be from using the wrongproducts. Right Choice anti-aging skin care products that have anactual absorption of active elements. Nurse your skin with vitalanti-aging nutrients, Health Supplements are regular energyboosters, as well as vital nutrients that your body needs on aday-to-day basis. Eat anti-aging foods to maintain a Healthy Diet.A good medical spa provide the most effective treatment for yourskin. If you are concerned about the brand then, Loreal would be the bestbet. Another area that does age skin is smoking and also the impact ofUV rays from the sun and from sun beds.
What will do if you have oily acne prone skin and your age is 15?
Umm, Try washing your skin at LEAST two times a day in the morning and at night, Try pure and natural body wash (Fine for faces) The rosemary and mint kind. And exfoliate with baking soda and water. Try to keep your skin dry from sweating. Hope that helps
What age does penis skin get behind the head?
This can be gently encouraged to happen at any time. As a matter of fact in the case of my self I cant remember not being able to retract it. My parents saw to it and tought me the hygiene requirements as well. The same went for my sons. The fore skin can be trained with gentle stretching and rubbing/ pulling backwards and forwards to retract all the way at any age. For those that have never brought it back it usually happens between 11 and 17 years of age.
How much does the baby skin weigh in the age of 7?
About 1.98kg If you know, the weight over 12 is approximately the skin weight. The average age of 7 years old is about 23kg, over 12 is 1.98333333333333333kg . . Rounded off to the nearest hundredth is 1.98kg.
How does cocaine affect aging of the skin?
I read in a magazine that Cocaine use damages the collagen in skin,which is responsible for keeping skin firm, and youthful looking.
What is the best foundation for aging skin?
The most popular anti-aging foundation is the Estee Lauder Futurist Age-Resisting foundation with SPF 15, but it is quite pricey. More drugstore priced foundations that are still good are the Covergirl and Olay Simply Ageless foundation, or the Revlon Age Defying foundation.
Why does dry skin age quiker?
Skin needs a good deal of moisture in order to keep elasticity. Keeping moisture in also helps with regeneration of cells during sleep.
What happens when skin ages?
After age 50, however, the skin begins to grow thinner again as it loses its elastic fibers and some of its fluid content.
Does mac makeup age skin faster?
Not necessarily. MAC itself is not bad for your skin, but ANYmakeup brand can & will age you if you’re not taking care ofyourself i.e. not washing all your off before going to bed, notmoisturizing your skin, or staying out in the sun without SPF
What age did Michael Jackson get skin cancer?
He never had skin cancer. He did however, have a skin disorder called “vitiligo.” This causes depigmentation in the skin. In other words, parts of Michael’s skin turned a lighter colour leaving blotches everywhere. The only way to cover it up was makeup. So when people say Michael ‘bleached’ his skin, that’s not correct. He had a rare skin disorder, vitiligo.
Can you get skin cancer at age 12?
Skin cancer is VERY rare at that age. But if you have a suspicious mole or spot that seems to be changing or getting larger, see a doctor (dermatologist).
Does acne age skin?
Acne doesnt age skin, if u have acne as a teenager itd mearly a puberty thing, but mostiorizing your skin will have to boost your skins elasticity while you have acne, as It may become dry while Using treatments.but It does not age your skin.there is no need to worry
How does aging have an effect on the skin?
Your body start wrinkle out. But not me, at age 66 I don’t have a wrinkle in my face. I mixed eggs and yeast and put it on my face for the last few years or so. I look 20 years younger without even going for a face lift.
Will smoking age skin prematurely?
yes, it will also kill you at an early age, it is the worst thing you can do to yourself
Do tanning beds age your skin?
Sometimes, if your in them for to long, one time I was in a tanning bed to long and whoop dee doo I was turned into a baked potater on a hot tin roof
What are reasons skin ages?
Some reasons why skin ages are stress, sun exposure, age, weather and environmental factors, sick health, moisture loss, bad diet, smoking and bad aging products.
At What age does skin cancer occur?
Damage happens in the younger years and the cancer shows up in the 40’s and 50’s.
Why human skin get wrinkles in old age?
Wrinkles are caused due to decrease in collagen level in human body with age. The collagen is responsible for the elasticity in our skin and when it decreases our skin tends to loosen up it self and due to which, wrinkles are formed.
What Is the Main Cause of Aging Skin?
It seems to be a combination of factors. The skin faces years of UV exposure and abuse. We often eat poor diets and suffer oxidation damage on the inside. Also, as we age, the body is unable to produce as much collagen.
What are 3 changes in the skin as one ages?
well one is that the amount of collogen in your skin decreases which is why people have wrinkles
How would you taken care of skin from aging?
Well, you can exercise. Exercising makes you look fresh and more energetic. If you are more energetic you also seem younger. Another thing is to eat fruits, a good fruit for skin that my grandma told me was papaya. Also, try not to be stressed and sleep well. Stress is a big contributor to making people look old. If you are stressed, you get white hairs, you can’t sleep, etc. which obviously makes you look older. Also, the sleeping helps your body recover from a days work. If you wonder about how long you should exercise I’m not sure because I don’t know how old you are. But on an average if your am adult, probably a mi E every other day is good but don’t push yourself to do it , take baby steps because if you try to do a mile on your first day, you might be discouraged to-do it again , so take baby steps to get your mind and body ready for it. Also, another thing you might want to try is yoga. I have seen many people act not as stressed after a few lessons.
How can we take care of skin from aging problem?
simple. EAT RIGHT. if you smoke, that’s a bad idea. but you can’t really fix your skin ageing. just like you can’t stop yourself from becoming older. the best you can do is take care of it right. stress is one of the leading causes for skin ageing.
What skin care for aging skin is the best?
Hello. If you have a mature skin then try to use oily skin productsor if you have sensitive skin then use gentle anti-aging productsfor all skin types.
What are the top selling anti aging skin care products for someone with sensitive skin?
There are many popular brands for antiaging skin care products that are appropriate for someone with sensitive skin. Try Neutrogena or La Roche, you could also go somewhere like Sephora to ask a consultant.
Where is it possible to buy products to care for aging skin?
Many cosmetic ranges now have a variety of products to help aging skin. One well known company is Olay, who have a range of products called Regenerist. These products have consistently good reviews by users.
What skin care products help fight aging?
There are hundreds of skin care products that help fight against aging. Many include: Nu Skin, ElanVeda Elan skin renue, Borba Orbital Eye Rejuvenator.
What are some of the top-rated Anti-aging Skin Treatments?
Some of the top-rated anti-aging skin treatments include Murad Essential-C Daily Renewal Complex, Olay Regenerist Regenerating Serum, and Philosophy Turbo Booster C Powder. You can find a full list on the Total Beauty website.
What are some brands that offer anti-aging skin care?
Several cosmetics brands offer anti-aging skin care products, such as No.7’s Protect and Perfect. Similarly, brands such as Boots, Nivea and Olay offer anti-aging skin care products.

who will speak for me

Who will speak for me if I belong to Pakistan’s Minority Community?
Featured Latest News Photo Gallery World
September 16, 2012
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Beyond the Muslim quota

Hindu Mahasabha of America observes Hindu Memorial Day, speakers caution against Muslims

:: ISSUES :: Muslim leadership in contemporary India

Origins of hostility to Indian Muslims

By Abdul Hafiz Gandhi

The test of success of any democratic nation is its fair and equitable treatment to the minorities.
The countries of Indian sub-continent have failed this test very often. There may be difference in degree of failures but these countries have often failed to protect the rights of their minority communities. There have been continuous violation of their rights and the year 2012 is no exception to these failures. Religious minorities in India, Pakistan and Burma were at the receiving end and have faced discrimination, atrocities and violation of their right to life and property. In India religious minorities are the targets of Hindutva brigade, Pakistani society and government grossly discriminate and harass the non-Muslim minorities and all sorts of atrocities including kidnapping their girls, forceful conversions and marriages are performed every now and then; and in Burma Muslim minority became the targets of the majority community, where many Rohingya Muslims lost their lives and property. In neighbouring Bangladesh stories of violence against Hindu minority crop-up frequently with the result that many have fled Bangladesh to seek refuge in the states of West Bengal and Assam. Sri Lanka’s Tamil speaking and Muslim minorities have witnessed indescribable violence for decades.

Seeing all this bloodshed and hatred, we are reminded of the words of Martin Luther King Jr. which he wrote in a letter from Birmingham Jail, April 16, 1963. He wrote ‘Injustice anywhere is a threat to justice everywhere.’ Injustice is injustice and needs to be condemned in unequivocal terms. When you do not object to injustice being committed at one place, you give license to somebody to commit the same injustice with you elsewhere. We all live in a so compact world that atrocities and injustices if allowed in a smaller circle, it gives right to the people in the larger circle to commit those same atrocities or injustices with you. Hence, in order to prevent it happening at your place, you need to object to the occurrence of these wrongs at any place – be it in your country or abroad.

Tolerating the acts of injustices committed against disadvantageous groups of people is like being silent and waiting for the perpetrator to turn against you. When Hitler was persecuting the Jews and Communists in Germany others remained silent in the hope that it’s only happening to these two groups of people but these silent and mute breed of other people could not remain safe for longer as Hitler turned his tirade against all whom he considered a threat to his vision for Germany.

Calling spade a spade is a requirement of the all the times. I know that there have been many instances in India where minorities had to bear the brunt. A lot of damage was caused to their life, property and dignity. But despite these aberrations one can say that minorities in India are in far better conditions in comparison to Hindu and Christian minorities in Pakistan and Bangladesh. Many Hindu minority families are fleeing Pakistan for fear of persecution and being converted to Islam. In Balochistan and Sindh where majority of the Hindu minority in Pakistan resides, many cases of girls’ abduction, rapes, forceful marriages and killings have come to the fore. The feeling in Hindus that has developed over a period of time is that it’s better to live in another country than to live there in perpetual fear. Marvi Memon (now with PML-N) in an article in The Express Tribune, 20th October, 2010 observed ‘The Hindu community is peaceful — so what is its biggest sin? It is a minority in a land where there is no rule of law. All that is needed is the political will to go after those involved in these kidnappings — the incidents will stop and our Hindu compatriots will stop fleeing to India.’ The infamous case is of Rinkie, who even approached Supreme Court of Pakistan for safety and security against the alleged forceful marriage of hers by Mian Mithu, Pakistan People’s Party Parliamentarian with his son but alas, forced by dreaded threatening to her family members, she said in the Supreme Court that she had converted to Islam. Not only this, the conversion of a boy Sunil in full media glare is the extreme example of Hindu minority persecution. I shudder to think if same thing would have happened to a Muslim minority boy or a girl in India getting converted to any other faith on the Indian Television, havens would have fallen. Have we ever seen an Indian Muslim being converted to Hinduism in so much media glare? No. But this act of extreme intolerance was committed in Pakistan but the torchbearers of secularism and human rights in the Muslim community did not show any courage to condemn such an inhuman act. Religion is a personal affair and even if the boy had converted to Islamic faith own his free will it should have been kept as a private affair.

Showing it on TV is like turning religion into a tool for mass entertainment. Have we ever thought of the repercussions if Buddhists in Myanmar would have tried to convert a Muslim on a live TV show? Surely, it would have been condemned by everybody, then why this studied silence by the Muslim intellectuals and civil society activists on this televised conversion in Pakistan?

It’s disturbing to note that a situation is fast developing where Muslims will only speak for Muslims and Hindus for Hindus. This must not happen. Human rights violation is a human rights issue and every right thinking person must stand up against these violations without thinking about the religious or other considerations with regard to the victims. There is no such rule that Muslims will raise the issues of Muslims and Hindus of the Hindus only. Fortunately in India various fights for justice for the minorities were fought by non-Muslims. Teesta Setalvad, Harsh Mander, Sanjeev Bhatt, Mukul Sinha, Rahul Sharma, Mallika Sarabhai etc. are some of the activists and concerned citizens who continuously stood for the cause of riots victims of Gujarat.

Their efforts bore fruits and in August, 2012 Maya Kodnani, Babu Bajrangi and 30 other accused were convicted for committing heinous inhuman crimes against minority community in post-Godhra riots. The question which stare us in the face is: how many Muslims opposed the violations of human rights committed against Hindu, Chirstian and non-Sunni Muslim minorities in Pakistan? Why the Muslims in India only see the Hindutva forces’ communalism as dangerous and why they do not oppose the rabid communalism perpetuated in Pakistan on the Hindu and Christian minorities? Communalism anywhere has to be condemned. It can never be the case that Muslim communalism is better than the Hindutva communalism or vice versa. Why Muslim intellectuals and civil rights activists do not raise the demand that in Muslim countries all irrespective of their religious affiliations should get equal rights? Even they should raise the demand that minorities keeping in view their vulnerability due to lesser numbers should get more constitutional and legal protection.

Why almost all Muslim leadership whether religious, social or political is silent on the persecution of Hindus, Christians and non-Sunni Muslims in Pakistan? Why they do not organize demonstration in front of Pakistani Embassy in New Delhi and demand the end to these atrocities on the minority communities? The fight for secularism and equal rights cannot be fought with limited vision. Wrong is wrong and it has to be stopped. Muslims of India must come out and oppose the persecution of non-Muslim minorities in Pakistan, and then only one has a moral right to oppose the communalism of the Hindutva forces. If Muslims remain silent on the atrocities on minorities in Pakistan, they lose the moral right to stand up against the atrocities committed against minorities in India by Hindutva forces. I am of the view that Indian Muslims must also oppose the communalism of some Muslim organizations in India. Both Hindu and Muslim communalism are threat to the peaceful co-existence.

Pakistani Hindus are more vulnerable as they are identified as Indians because of their religion.
According to Human Rights Commission of Pakistan (Sindh Chapter) approximately 3000 Hindu families have migrated to India in the last three years. This is quite alarming trend and indicates how mal-treated these Hindu families might be that they decided to seek asylum in India. The incidents of kidnappings, forced conversations and marriages have compelled these families to seek refuge in India. The plight of the scheduled castes among the Pakistani Hindus is even worst. Because of the hierarchal social ladder within the Hindus, where there is ascending order of privileges and descending order of disabilities, these scheduled caste people get less security within the community itself and hence they become easy prey for the vested interests.

The atrocities and violations of human rights of scheduled caste girls were ignored or went unreported most of the times as their families were weak, poor and mostly employed as farm labourers. Their poverty combined with lower position in the social ladder make them more vulnerable in the power structure of the society. Even the upper caste and mercantile Hindus do not show social solidarity with this group and therefore atrocities with the girls of this less powerful social group were either went unreported or ignored but when it started with the so-called upper castes Hindus the resentment rises and the result was the fleeing of these families to India to evade violence and atrocities.

With escalation in violence against minorities and increasing radicalization of government machinery in Pakistan certain communities invented new ways to survive in the otherwise hostile environment. For instance, in the Christian community in Pakistan there has been a planned strategy of adopting Muslim names to evade persecution. Some estimates show that about 60% of them have adopted Muslims names. Common feeling that has gained deep roots there is that if you want anything you have to be a Muslim. Christians in Pakistan quote Pakistani cricketer Yousaf Youhana’s case to prove their point. People alleged that Youhana, a Christian by faith had to convert to Islam in 2005 to become the captain of Pakistan’s cricket team. I would have hated the Indian Team if Mohd Azharuddin would have been compelled to change his faith as a pre-condition for being made the captain of Indian Cricket team. I favour conversion from one faith to another but only when it is done out of the free will. Compulsion has no place in religious affairs.

The question is why the space for tolerance is being diminished in Pakistan with every passing year? The answer lies in the increasing radicalisation of state institutions initiated in 1980s by the then President of Pakistan Zia-ul-Haq. He declared Pakistan to be an Islamic republic. The obvious consequences were the cultural marginalization and religious persecution of the Hindus and people belonging to other non-Sunni Muslim beliefs. A state has no reason whatsoever to interfere in the religious affairs. Religion is a personal matter and must be left to the individuals themselves to handle it.

Facts and data speak voluminous about the persecution and discrimination of minorities in Pakistan. An estimate shows that in 1951 West Pakistan and East Pakistan (now Bangladesh) were having 22% (approx.) population of Hindus. And now in 2012 estimate indicates that percentage of Hindus has come down to 12% (approx.) both in Pakistan and Bangladesh.
Pakistan has now 2.5% and Bangladesh about 9.2% of the Hindu minority population. Why this sharp reduction in the percentages of population of Hindu minority in both of these countries?
Clearly this shows the bias, prejudice and discrimination against this religious group and because of all this they either fled to India or became the victims of the persecution machinery.
Hazara Shia Muslims in Pakistan are meeting the same fate. In the first week of September, 2012 itself seven Hazara Shias were selectively killed. Hazara Shias are easily identifiable because of their Mongloid features and become easy targets of the violence mongers and sectarian elements. Thousands of Hazara Shias have left the country and sought refuge in other countries.

The intolerance against non-Sunni Muslim minorities is on the increase in Pakistan. The Muslims adhering to the Sufism or Barelvi thought are continuous targets of the sectarian forces.

Mosques and Khankhas are bombed frequently killing many unaware of the dangers. Why this intolerance? Why society and government going in the direction of alienating and eliminating various minorities endangering the principle of peaceful co-existence and the right to live even if adhering to different strands of religious thoughts?

Has not Pakistan deviated from the vision of its founder? Pakistan’s Qaid-e-Azam Mohd Ali Jinnah who on 11th August, 1947 in the Pakistan’s Constituent Assembly said “You are free; you are free to go to your temples. You are free to go to your mosques or to any other places of worship in this State of Pakistan. You may belong to any religion or caste or creed; that has nothing to do with the business of the State….You will find that in course of time Hindus will cease to be Hindus and Muslims would cease to be Muslims, not in the religious sense, because that is the personal faith of each individual, but in the political sense as citizens of the State.” Is this a Pakistan which Jinnah wanted to make? Jinnah would have been most unhappy man if he would have seen all this happening in his dream project. He would have really said “What I have done by creating a separate State of Pakistan?” He lamented the partition when he saw with his naked eyes the huge migration and resultant violence on both sides of the newly created borders. While seeing the unabated violence and sufferings of the people Jinnah said to his companions Iftikhar-ud-din, Pakistan’s Rehabilitation Minister and Mazhar Ali Khan, editor of Pakistan Times in the Dakota flying over divided Punjab ‘What I have done?’ Kuldip Nayar discloses this fact in his recently released book ‘Beyond The Lines’.

The future of India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Myanmar or any country for that matter lie in the practices of secularism and treating their all citizens as equal irrespective of their religion, race or any other affiliations. This world is a beautiful place where people professing different faiths, speaking many sweet languages and practicing many diverse cultures reside. This mosaic needs to be protected and preserved. If this social mosaic is not reflected in the public domain the government needs to intervene to provide representation to these various people so that they have voice in policy formulation and implementation of the policies and programmes. But, instead of providing equal opportunities, government or its majority community adopt discriminatory attitude against religious, linguistic and cultural minorities. This does not augur well for the overall health of the county and its society.

Peaceful and democratic resistance and voices of dissent against this discriminatory attitude must be raised. We know that there are some moderate and progressive voices in the shape of Asma Jahangir, Ansar Burney and others in Pakistan, who talk in defence of these minorities protecting their interests, but these voices of resistance are few; and the problem is of mammoth proportions. If in India people like Teesta Setalvad and Harsh Mander speak for the justice for the minorities, why not the Indian Muslim minority raise their voices on the injustices and atrocities committed on the non-Sunni Muslim minorities in Pakistan?

I know one fact for the sure: if you will not speak for others, others will have no interest to speak for you and your cause. We all are living in a compact world where incidents anywhere affect us at our places. And therefore, I am waiting for the day when Indian Muslim intellectuals and civil society groups will start speaking against the atrocities committed on others not professing their faith in neighbouring and other foreign countries. I am also waiting for the day when non-Muslims will speak against the communalism of the Muslims and Muslims will be doing the same against the communalism of the non-Muslims with equal ease. I am also waiting for the day when your communalism and my communalism will equally be considered dangerous.

I hope that Indian Muslims in general will learn to speak against the atrocities committed in India and abroad on the people not professing Islam as their faith. I sincerely believe that right-thinking Muslim intellectuals and civil rights groups will meet Pakistani High Commissioner and hand over a representation to him in the Pakistan embassy, New Delhi in protest against the discrimination and persecution of non-Muslim minorities in Pakistan and if need arises, will gherao the Pakistani Embassy with democratic means and ways if the atrocities are not stopped on the minorities in Pakistan.

I, as member of minority community in India, feel vulnerable and it is therefore my moral responsibility to speak for the weak and marginalized minority communities in Pakistan, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Iraq or anywhere else for that matter. I see and feel in their persecution my persecution and I must speak against this as I firmly believe ‘Injustice anywhere is a threat to justice everywhere.’

[Abdul Hafiz Gandhi is Doctoral Research Scholar in Jawaharlal Nehru University and was President of Aligarh Muslim University Students’ Union. He can be reached at abdulhafizgandhi@gmail.com]
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article in IMO

Pakistan unwilling to protect Religious Minorities Rights under ICCPR
July 20, 2014
By Abbas Kassar
Minority rights, as applying to ethnic, religious or linguistic minorities and indigenous peoples, are an integral part of international human rights law, Like children rights, women’s rights and refugee rights, minority rights are a legal framework designed to ensure that a specific group which is in a vulnerable, disadvantaged or marginalized position in society, is able to achieve equality and is protected from persecution. The first post-war international treaty to protect minorities, designed to protect them from the greatest threat to their existence, was the U.N.Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide.
Subsequent human rights standards that codify minority rights include the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights.
Pakistan signed the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) in 2008 and ratified it with reservations in 2010. But when European Union emissaries had warned Pakistan to be deprived of Generalised System of Preferances plus status of grant of trade benefits accorded by EU which in other words means ban on Pakistani exports, then in 2011, the Pakistan government, withdrew almost all of the reservations. Hence, since July 2011, Pakistan has ratified the ICCPR almost entirely committing itself to upholding the civil and political rights of its citizens including citizens belonging to minority commujity.
In Article 18 of the ICCPR is the guaranteed freedom of thought, conscience and religion. The right to religion includes the freedom to adopt and profess in public or private, freedom of worship and unfettered right to believe and manifest one’s religion accordingly. Article 19 goes further and says that everyone shall have the right to his or her opinions without interference. Article 20 of the ICCPR forbids any advocacy of religious hatred.
The freedom to profess one’s religion is integral to the ICCPR and therefore any law that abridges that freedom is in violation of and in contradiction to Pakistan’s international commitment
All of the aforesaid have been placed in the non-Muslim category under Article 260 of the Constitution of Pakistan.
The human rights watch noted that the condition of religious minorities deteriorated sharply in Pakistan in 2012, with the government unwilling or unable to provide protection against attacks by extremists.
Christians, Sikhs, Hindus and other minorities throughout Pakistan recount numerous horrific incidents of attacks and threats and express an overwhelming sense of fear. Minority Rights Group International, a watchdog organization, had ranked Pakistan as ‘the world’s top country for major increases in threats to minorities since 2007′. The group also lists Pakistan as seventh on the list of 10 most dangerous countries for minorities, after Somalia, Sudan, Afghanistan, Iraq, Myanmar and Congo.
In Sindh, Hindu women are being abducted and forcibly converted to Islam. Many Christians are suffering under the blasphemy law, a law which itself is in contradiction to the ICCPR. Churches, temples and other places of worship are routinely destroyed.
The situation in Sindh has markedly worsened for Hindus since 2oo7 with increase in target killingl, extortion,kidnapping,looting, religion based discrimination and troubles linked to their places of worship.Despite incidents like Shanti Nagar, Gojra, Sialkot, Badmi Bagh, and the attack on a Peshawar church being self-evident as to the increasing religious intolerance against minorities by the state and society, if you ask any Pakistani politician about the state of minorities or how protected they are in Pakistan, their prompt reply will be that minorities are happy and enjoying equal rights in the country.
If they are right then why the world seems worried about them and questions are reverberating in the House of Commons, EU and even in America about the oppression of minorities and misuse of blasphemy laws against them.
The U.S. Commission on Religious Freedom said in a recent report that conditions in Pakistan had “hit an all-time low” and governments had failed to adequately protect minorities and arrest perpetrators of crimes against them.
Scores of girls like 11 years Amriah Masih,12 years Muqadas Kainat,even 6 years Viginti Meghwar ,Kakoo Kolhen,14 years Manishsa Kumari and others were raped but their culprits have never been brought to book.
The guarantees of freedom of religious beliefs accorded to minorities under ICCPR are also violated by kidnapping minority girls and forcibly converting them to Islam.
According to a report published in Pakistan Today on 8 April 2014, around 1,000 Christian and Hindu women in Pakistan are forcibly converted to Islam and married to Muslim men every year including Rinkel Kumari in Ghotki in Feb 2012. She cried before chief justice of Pakistan Chowdhry Iftikhar in his court room to be handed to parents but the controvdertial judge turned his ears deaf and handed her to kidnapper follower of Pir of Bharchoondi, nortorious for kidnapping Hindu girls, keeping them his Harem for months and then marrying them to his Mureeds after conversion.
The report states the estimates of the incidence of forced marriage and conversion of 700 victim Christian girls and 300 Hindu girls per year, adding that the true scale of the problem is likely to be much greater, as a number of cases are never reported or do not progress through the law-enforcement and legal systems.
Though passed by NA but resolution is not binding on government but as a parliamentary practice.
In first 5 months of 2014, as many as 6 Hindu temples were ransacked:Dharamshala at Larkaha, was set on fire on March 13, Hanuman Mandir at Hyderabad on March 17,, Parbraham Ashram at Mith on March 30, Shri Guru Garanth Saheb at Madeji district Shikarpur and burning of Hindu holy book Bhagwat Geeta.
Though NA on May 14 this year condemned these attacks and asked for beefing up security of their holy places of worship and asked government to take measures on priority basis to protect holy places of religious minorities, yet as is evident from the protests that Hindu Mandirs are still not safe.The attacks on Mandirs have compelled Hindus to leave Pakistan and accoring to figure presented in NA by a minority law maker during the months of March and April 2014 as many as 10,000 Hindus have migrated to India.
Hearing petition of Dr. Ramesh Kuman Wankwani MNA about recent attacks on Hindu Mandirs on June 19,2014,chief justice of Pakistan Justice Tasaduq Hussain Jeelani lamented that it was unfortunate that constitutional provisions related to protection of minority rights have not beem implemented. CJP said in addition to Objectives Resolution,Article 20 of the constitution also gurarantees protection of minority rights. Apex court also ordered formation of National Council on Minorities.
Hindus of Pakistan
According to an estimation by an NGO there are more than 7,000,000 Hindus currently living in the different states of Pakistan, but majority of Hindus is settled in the province of Sindh.
The Hindus of Pakistan are a religious minority in an overwhelmingly Muslim society. They constitute about 5.5% of the population of 180 million (according to 1998 census). They live primarily in the urban areas of the province of Sindh in the lower Indus valley and over half are concentrated in the south-east district of Tharparkar which borders India. For the most part Hindus in Pakistan are well educated and active in commerce, trade and the civil service but majority of lower caste work as Haris.
According to an independent source, around 20 lac Hindus belonging to scheduled castes ( Dalits) are engaged to work as Haris ( peasants)on big farmlands of lower Sindh where they work as bonded peasants, kept in private jails under suveilance of armed men of landlords not allowed to move outside farmlands. They being most vulnerable their women and girls happen to be easy prey to landlords and their Kamdars lust.
According to the US commission on International religious freedom (USCIRF) annual report, “The government of Pakistan continues to engage in and tolerate systematic, ongoing, and violations of freedom of religion or belief.
To conclude, Pakistan is in complete and total violation of its international obligations of religious freedom, civil and political rights which can jeopardise the status of grant of trade benefits to Pakistan under the GSP Plus Scheme of the European Union.
[Abbas Kassar is Bureau Chief of Daily Messenger Karachi, Editor of Daily Pioneer Pakistan (online) and reporter in Pakistan for Pakistan Weekly, Burkeley,USA. He is also General Secretary of Hyderabad Union of Journalists (PFUJ Dasoor), Member of European Journalism Center, Member of Hyderabad Press Club governing body and Member of Writers International. He can be contacted at kassarabbas@gmail.com or kassarabbas@lycos.com]

er(�t 0����parliamentary practice.

In first 5 months of 2014, as many as 6 Hindu temples were ransacked: Dharamshala at Larkaha, was set on fire on March 13, Hanuman Mandir at Hyderabad on March 17,, Parbraham Ashram at Mith on March 30, Shri Guru Garanth Saheb at Madeji district Shikarpur and burning of Hindu holy book Bhagwat Geeta.
Though NA on May 14 this year condemned these attacks and asked for beefing up security of their holy places of worship and asked government to take measures on priority basis to protect holy places of religious minorities, yet as is evident from the protests that Hindu Mandirs are still not safe. The attacks on Mandirs have compelled Hindus to leave Pakistan and accoring to figure presented in NA by a minority law maker during the months of March and April 2014 as many as 10,000 Hindus have migrated to India.
Hearing petition of Dr. Ramesh Kuman Wankwani MNA about recent attacks on Hindu Mandirs on June 19,2014 ,chief justice of Pakistan Justice Tasaduq Hussain Jeelani lamented that it was unfortunate that constitutional provisions related to protection of minority rights have not been implemented. CJP said in addition to Objectives Resolution, Article 20 of the constitution also guarantees protection of minority rights. Apex court also ordered formation of National Council on Minorities.
HINDU POPULATION:
According to estimation by an NGO there are more than 7000000 Hindus currently living in the different states of Pakistan, but majority of Hindus is settled in the province of Sindh.
The Hindus of Pakistan are a religious minority in an overwhelmingly Muslim society. They constitute about 5.5% of the population of 180 million (according to 1998 census). They live primarily in the urban areas of the province of Sindh in the lower Indus valley and over half are concentrated in the south-east district of Tharparkar which borders India. For the most part Hindus in Pakistan are well educated and active in commerce, trade and the civil service but majority of lower caste work as Haris.
According to an independent source, around 20 lac Hindus belonging to scheduled castes ( Dalits) are engaged to work as Haris ( peasants)on big farmlands of lower Sindh where they work as bonded peasants, kept in private jails under surveillance of armed men of landlords not allowed to move outside farmlands. They being most vulnerable their women and girls happen to be easy prey to landlords and their Kamdars lust.
According to the US commission on International religious freedom (USCIRF) annual report, “The government of Pakistan continues to engage in and tolerate systematic, ongoing, and violations of freedom of religion or belief.
To sum up Pakistan is in complete and total violation of its international obligations of religious freedom, civil and political rights which can jeopardize the status of grant of trade benefits to Pakistan under the GSP Plus Scheme of the European Union.
Introduction: writer is bureau chief of daily Messenger Karachi, editor daily Pioneer Pakistan (online)and reporter in Pakistan for Pakistan Weekly, Burkeley,USA. Also general secretary of Hyderabad Union of Journalists (PFUJ Dasoor), member European Journalism Center, member governing body Hyderabad press club and member Writers International.
He can be approached at kassarabbas@gmail.com;kassarabbas@lycos.com;
Kassarghulamabbas/wordpress.com
This entry was posted in International Christian News by Rajeev Vadassery. Bookmark thepermalink.

article in IMO

Hyderabad: July 14, 2014. (By Abbas Kassar) Minority rights, as applying to ethnic, religious or linguistic minorities and indigenous peoples, are an integral part of international human rights law, Like children rights, women’s rights and refugee rights, minority rights are a legal framework designed to ensure that a specific group which is in a vulnerable, disadvantaged or marginalized position in society, is able to achieve equality and is protected from persecution. The first post-war international treaty to protect minorities, designed to protect them from the greatest threat to their existence, was the U.N. Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide.

Subsequent human rights standards that codify minority rights include the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights.

Pakistan signed the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) in 2008 and ratified it with reservations in 2010. But when European Union emissaries had warned Pakistan to be deprived of Generalized System of Preferences plus status of grant of trade benefits accorded by EU which in other words means ban on Pakistani exports, then in 2011, the Pakistan government, withdrew almost all of the reservations. Hence, since July 2011, Pakistan has ratified the ICCPR almost entirely committing itself to upholding the civil and political rights of its citizens including citizens belonging to minority community.

In Article 18 of the ICCPR is the guaranteed freedom of thought, conscience and religion. The right to religion includes the freedom to adopt and profess in public or private, freedom of worship and unfettered right to believe and manifest one’s religion accordingly. Article 19 goes further and says that everyone shall have the right to his or her opinions without interference. Article 20 of the ICCPR forbids any advocacy of religious hatred.

The freedom to profess one’s religion is integral to the ICCPR and therefore any law that abridges that freedom is in violation of and in contradiction to Pakistan’s international commitment

All of the aforesaid have been placed in the non-Muslim category under Article 260 of the Constitution of Pakistan.

The human rights watch noted that the condition of religious minorities deteriorated sharply in Pakistan in 2012, with the government unwilling or unable to provide protection against attacks by extremists.

Christians, Sikhs, Hindus and other minorities throughout Pakistan recount numerous horrific incidents of attacks and threats and express an overwhelming sense of fear. Minority Rights Group International, a watchdog organization, had ranked Pakistan as ‘the world’s top country for major increases in threats to minorities since 2007’. The group also lists Pakistan as seventh on the list of 10 most dangerous countries for minorities, after Somalia, Sudan, Afghanistan, Iraq, Myanmar and Congo.

In Sindh, Hindu women are being abducted and forcibly converted to Islam. Many Christians are suffering under the blasphemy law, a law which itself is in contradiction to the ICCPR. Churches, temples and other places of worship are routinely destroyed.

The situation in Sindh has markedly worsened for Hindus since 2oo7 with increase in target killing, extortion, kidnapping, looting, religion based discrimination and troubles linked to their places of worship. Despite incidents like Shanti Nagar, Gojra, Sialkot, Badmi Bagh, and the attack on a Peshawar church being self-evident as to the increasing religious intolerance against minorities by the state and society, if you ask any Pakistani politician about the state of minorities or how protected they are in Pakistan, their prompt reply will be that minorities are happy and enjoying equal rights in the country.

If they are right then why the world seems worried about them and questions are reverberating in the House of Commons, EU and even in America about the oppression of minorities and misuse of blasphemy laws against them.

The U.S. Commission on Religious Freedom said in a recent report that conditions in Pakistan had “hit an all-time low” and governments had failed to adequately protect minorities and arrest perpetrators of crimes against them.

Scores of girls like 11 years Amriah Masih,12 years Muqadas Kainat,even 6 years Viginti Meghwar ,Kakoo Kolhen,14 years Manishsa Kumari and others were raped but their culprits have never been brought to book.

The guarantees of freedom of religious beliefs accorded to minorities under ICCPR are also violated by kidnapping minority girls and forcibly converting them to Islam.

According to a report published in Pakistan Today on 8 April 2014, around 1,000 Christian and Hindu women in Pakistan are forcibly converted to Islam and married to Muslim men every year including Rinkel Kumari in Ghotki in Feb 2012. She cried before chief justice of Pakistan Chowdhry Iftikhar in his court room to be handed to parents but the controversial judge turned his ears deaf and handed her to kidnapper follower of Pir of Bharchoondi, nortorious for kidnapping Hindu girls, keeping them his Harem for months and then marrying them to his Mureeds after conversion.

The report states the estimates of the incidence of forced marriage and conversion of 700 victim Christian girls and 300 Hindu girls per year, adding that the true scale of the problem is likely to be much greater, as a number of cases are never reported or do not progress through the law-enforcement and legal systems.

Though passed by NA but resolution is not binding on government but as a parliamentary practice.

In first 5 months of 2014, as many as 6 Hindu temples were ransacked: Dharamshala at Larkaha, was set on fire on March 13, Hanuman Mandir at Hyderabad on March 17,, Parbraham Ashram at Mith on March 30, Shri Guru Garanth Saheb at Madeji district Shikarpur and burning of Hindu holy book Bhagwat Geeta.

Though NA on May 14 this year condemned these attacks and asked for beefing up security of their holy places of worship and asked government to take measures on priority basis to protect holy places of religious minorities, yet as is evident from the protests that Hindu Mandirs are still not safe. The attacks on Mandirs have compelled Hindus to leave Pakistan and accoring to figure presented in NA by a minority law maker during the months of March and April 2014 as many as 10,000 Hindus have migrated to India.

Hearing petition of Dr. Ramesh Kuman Wankwani MNA about recent attacks on Hindu Mandirs on June 19,2014 ,chief justice of Pakistan Justice Tasaduq Hussain Jeelani lamented that it was unfortunate that constitutional provisions related to protection of minority rights have not been implemented. CJP said in addition to Objectives Resolution, Article 20 of the constitution also guarantees protection of minority rights. Apex court also ordered formation of National Council on Minorities.

HINDU POPULATION:

According to estimation by an NGO there are more than 7000000 Hindus currently living in the different states of Pakistan, but majority of Hindus is settled in the province of Sindh.

The Hindus of Pakistan are a religious minority in an overwhelmingly Muslim society. They constitute about 5.5% of the population of 180 million (according to 1998 census). They live primarily in the urban areas of the province of Sindh in the lower Indus valley and over half are concentrated in the south-east district of Tharparkar which borders India. For the most part Hindus in Pakistan are well educated and active in commerce, trade and the civil service but majority of lower caste work as Haris.

According to an independent source, around 20 lac Hindus belonging to scheduled castes ( Dalits) are engaged to work as Haris ( peasants)on big farmlands of lower Sindh where they work as bonded peasants, kept in private jails under surveillance of armed men of landlords not allowed to move outside farmlands. They being most vulnerable their women and girls happen to be easy prey to landlords and their Kamdars lust.

According to the US commission on International religious freedom (USCIRF) annual report, “The government of Pakistan continues to engage in and tolerate systematic, ongoing, and violations of freedom of religion or belief.

To sum up Pakistan is in complete and total violation of its international obligations of religious freedom, civil and political rights which can jeopardize the status of grant of trade benefits to Pakistan under the GSP Plus Scheme of the European Union.

Introduction: writer is bureau chief of daily Messenger Karachi, editor daily Pioneer Pakistan (online)and reporter in Pakistan for Pakistan Weekly, Burkeley,USA. Also general secretary of Hyderabad Union of Journalists (PFUJ Dasoor), member European Journalism Center, member governing body Hyderabad press club and member Writers International.

He can be approached at kassarabbas@gmail.com;kassarabbas@lycos.com;

Kassarghulamabbas/wordpress.com

Pakistani hands in rise of jehad

Pakistan’s Hand in the Rise of International Jihad
06/02/2016 iaoj Leave a comment
By CARLOTTA GALL
TUNIS — PRESIDENT ASHRAF GHANI of Afghanistan has warned in several recent interviews that unless peace talks with Pakistan and theTaliban produce results in the next few months, his country may not survive 2016. Afghanistan is barely standing, he says, after the Taliban onslaught last year, which led to the highest casualties among civilians and security forces since 2001.
“How much worse will it get?” Mr. Ghani asked in a recent television interview. “It depends on how much regional cooperation we can secure, and how much international mediation and pressure can be exerted to create rules of the game between states.”
What he means is it depends on how much international pressure can be brought to bear on Pakistan to cease its aggression.
Read more » The New York Times
See more » http://www.nytimes.com/2016/02/07/opinion/sunday/pakistans-hand-in-the-rise-of-international-jihad.html?mwrsm=Facebook&_r=0

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Pakistan agents funding taliban

Pakistani agents ‘funding and training Afghan Taliban’ – BBC
22/01/2016 iaoj Leave a comment
Pakistani intelligence gives funding, training and sanctuary to the Afghan Taliban on a scale much larger than previously thought, a report says.
Taliban field commanders interviewed for the report suggested that ISI intelligence agents even attend Taliban supreme council meetings.
Support for the Afghan Taliban was “official ISI policy”, the London School of Economics (LSE) authors suggest.
Read more » BBC
See more » http://www.bbc.com/news/10302946?SThisFB

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